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Обычная версия сайта
Магистратура 2018/2019

Городские прототипы: дома

Статус: Курс обязательный (Прототипирование городов будущего)
Направление: 07.04.04. Градостроительство
Когда читается: 1-й курс, 2 семестр
Формат изучения: Full time
Прогр. обучения: Прототипирование городов будущего
Язык: английский
Кредиты: 6

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The course is project based and focused on specific scale in the city. It will allow students to learn the principles, impact and consequences of the technology integration into housing buildings and the urban space. The result will be a project on the intersection of building design and technology on the scale of a building or part of a building. Starting from the analysis of the Moscow housing over a period of the last century students will propose the definition of the new housing and the public space in the scale of one block. The project will emphasize the social use of the city and its productive character which encourages urban self-sufficiency and the empowerment of citizens and the city itself.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To teach students how to develop universal city prototypes that can be implemented in any project of any city.
  • To enhance students’ abilities in project work and to foster the development of students’ projects where the implied technologies will have a fundamental impact on city design at the scale of buildings and public spaces
  • To teach students how to implement recent technologies and information platforms in one project
  • To inform students about key strategies of urban regeneration based on the principles of a ‘distributed city’
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • To obtain critical thinking skills in the subject of smart cities and technological interventions
  • To develop ideas through the design and creation of the prototypes following the method “learning by doing”
  • To learn the principles, impact and consequences of the technology integration into the urban space on various scales
  • To use different technologies to collect and process urban data
  • To develop and integrate responsive connected systems based on data
  • To learn how to use different technologies to collect and process urban data
  • To develop ideas through the design and creation of the prototypes following the method “learning by doing
  • To develop their ideas through the design and creation of the prototypes following the method “learning by doing”
  • To develop ideas through the design and creation of the prototypes following the method “learning by doing”
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Introduction to the Smart City concept and its outcomes
    This lecture serves as a general introduction. It will explain the overall logic and composition of this course, lay out plans for individual and collective assignments, and present the main objectives of its more theoretical and more practical parts. During the lecture we will discuss the definition of “Smart City” and it’s possible applications.
  • Problems of technology driven society
    During this lecture, we will discuss how technology bumps as forwards and backward, how smart technology can make urban space more sterile and add additional levels of social complexity.
  • Field Trip
    Students will analyze the existing types of panel housing in Moscow. The group will have a field trip to do research of the Moscow microrayon. The analysis will include the understanding of the evolution for the technologies for the construction, the plans and spatial design, the type and number of cells in the house, the supposed way of living, the economical impact, the premises of the following types. As the final result, there should be axonometric drawings, plans, and diagrams with main characteristics. Students will produce a comparative database using as reference to the buildings that they have studied.
  • Design workshop - how to start an urban research
    Students will learn how to use the language of diagrams and schemes to analyse the structure of the building and built environment. After there will be a fast workshop for the presentations.
  • Design Thinking
    Group will try to define the conditions in the urban environment that will allow the cities of the 21st century to be inhabited in networked self-sufficiency. There will be a discussion of sharing societies and production with storage of the resources between those societies. Conditions that will make it possible for human beings to take charge of the organization of their existence. The project is centered on rehumanizing cities based on efficiency in the generation and consumption of resources and the creation of people’s quality of life, promoting local culture, from a global technological and economic foundation. A new economy of urban innovation. Buildings need to incorporate new systems and technologies which will change them into active entities in the interchange of the city’s energy and information. Students will try to describe a building’s anatomy, like an organism, (its form and its parts), its physiology (its function) and its metabolism (energy flow and systems). As the final result students will propose how to embed the existing types of buildings with technologies.
  • Project: Building Entrance
    The first project in the course. We will imagine various upgrades possible in buildings entrances. These upgrades must be digital, but site specific and focused on the local community.
  • Networks, protocols and sensors in cities
    During this class, we will look into building blocks of standard computer network and its applications in cities context. We will discuss how simple networked solutions can move us towards “thinking” and “remembering” space.
  • Communities in buildings
    From local chat groups to management organization - we have different communities and organizational structures in modern buildings. How the property right is shaped by them? Can we stimulate or enforce different communities structures? How community structure mirrors the housing structure? All of these questions will be covered by introduction lecture and then discussed in class.
  • Project: Building Floor
    During this practical workshop students will come up with ideas about possible projects targeting the scale of a building floor.
  • Sensor data collection
    During this practical workshop we will dig into sensor-database object. Students will understand what is database structure, how we can store different sensor datasets and will produce a working prototype that will read sensor data, store it and transmit over network.
  • Data processing workshop
    During this workshop students will study different data processing and analysis techniques. These techniques will be applied over sensor data. We will learn how to see sensors as time series devices, how to map them and collect statistics.
  • Building as an information system
    Students will formulate their specific agenda for this course based on a definite place and conditions. This has to be done based on two principles. On the one hand, a detailed analysis of the systems and resources available in a specific place. And on the other, questioning the economic, cultural, environmental and social aspect. Then the investigation needs to be done using design as a mechanism to resolve the combination of all of the functions the building needs to provide and the mechanisms that need to be developed, with the aim of consuming as few resources as possible for the building’s operation. Students will learn how to read a built environment as a full ecosystem with different layers, such as: Eco materials Food production Energy for self-sufficiency Waste recycling Water self-sufficiency and distribution Smart technologies Sharing societies
  • Project: Building
    At this workshop we will scale from a building entrance level to whole floor. At this stage, students will introduce new ways of digitalisation, according to the level boundaries and specific properties of a site.
  • Social data collection
    During this practical course students will be introduced to the concepts of non-sensor or non-hardware data collection. They will learn how to collect data from various open and semi open data sources, will learn technical concepts like API, authentication and authorization, basics of HTTP protocol and JSON data format.
  • Anthropology of communities
    This class will be about different methods of researching urban communities via digital end non-digital ways. Students will learn about basic principles, that used in any community research, how to structure this research and present its results
  • Project: Block
    This is a project workshop on the biggest scale. Students will propose projects about digital analysis and interventions for a whole block.
  • Final project preparation
    Together with students, we will select the best project propositions, done by students at project workshops (multiple projects for different scales). Then during the session of 3 classes, we will guide students to their final project presentation.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Classwork
  • non-blocking Final Project Presentation and Prototype
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 semester)
    0.5 * Classwork + 0.5 * Final Project Presentation and Prototype
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Deyan Sudjic. (2017, November 30). Great design looks good and makes the world a better place. Evening Standard, p. 17. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nfh&AN=126480432
  • Evans, B. M., Barry, M., Buchoud, N., & Vincente, G. (2016). Urban Environment and Resilience. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.14C48F0D
  • Vicente Guallart. (2015). From urban planning to Urban Habitat. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.F8B43F8C

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Boeing, G. (2019). Spatial information and the legibility of urban form: Big data in urban morphology. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edssch&AN=edssch.oai%3aescholarship.org%2fark%3a%2f13030%2fqt6mn025sb
  • Clark, W. W., Rifkin, J., O’Connor, T., Swisher, J., Lipman, T., & Rambach, G. (2005). Hydrogen energy stations: along the roadside to the hydrogen economy. Utilities Policy, (1), 41. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.a.eee.juipol.v13y2005i1p41.50
  • Deyan Sudjic. (n.d.). What makes the perfect city? Times, The (United Kingdom). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nfh&AN=7EH1730777814
  • Eken, G., Bilgin, G., Dikmen, I., & Birgonul, M. T. (2015). A Lessons Learned Database Structure for Construction Companies. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.2A58FF4
  • Emmanuel Munguia Tapia, Kent Larson, & William J. Mitchell. (2003). Ubiquitous Sensors. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.887E1ABB
  • JACZEWSKA, B. (2019). Doing Global Urban Research. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 68(2), 187–190. https://doi.org/10.15201/hungeobull.68.2.6
  • RIFKIN, J. (2016). How the Third Industrial Revolution Will Create a Green Economy. NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly, 33(1), 6–10. https://doi.org/10.1111/npqu.12017
  • Rifkin, J. (DE-588)11548857X, (DE-576)162732341. (2011). The third industrial revolution : how lateral power is transforming energy, the economy, and the world / Jeremy Rifkin. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.352874635
  • Sion, G. (2019). Smart City Big Data Analytics: Urban Technological Innovations and the Cognitive Internet of Things. Geopolitics, History & International Relations, 11(2), 69–75. https://doi.org/10.22381/GHIR112201910
  • sudjic, deyan. (2012). Design City: Incubated Here. Architectural Record, 200(6), 76. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=asn&AN=78235544