Международные валютно-финансовые отношения
Статус: Курс обязательный (Мировая экономика)
Направление: 38.03.01. Экономика
Кто читает: Департамент мировой экономики
Где читается: Факультет мировой экономики и мировой политики
Когда читается: 2-й курс, 3 модуль
Формат изучения: Full time
This Program aims at holistic understanding and fact-based view by the students of the principles, logics, consistency, dynamics, and perspectives of the international currency and financial relationships (ICFR) together with the role of the ICFR and their institutional framework in shaping the processes of financial globalization at the national, regional, and international levels. The Program delves into the evolution and specifics of the macrofinance policy and how it is tailored and managed amid imperfection and asymmetries of international financial markets. The Program also looks into the extent to which the ICFR promotes financial stability. Students will acquire knowledge about the key characteristics and mechanisms of the ICFR of Russia. The Program will equip students with broad-based outlook for the functional specifics of international finance, trade finance, and credit; international financial institutions/organizations; international capital flow; and the weaknesses and risks of the post-crisis recovery in the area of international finance. Students will expand their awareness of the latest developments in financial globalization and will be able to grasp the insights of the policy-making events and issues associated with the ICFR.
- To develop students’ skills and expertise necessary for holistic and unbiased understanding of economic principles, framework, processes, and perspectives associated with the ICFR, including institutional aspect, and the interrelationship between the ICFR’s structural elements at different economic hierarchies, including those applicable to the context of financial stability.
- To make students understand the economic background, rationale, driving forces, evolution, and the post-crisis issues of the ICFR, as well as the role and criticality of the ICFR in the processes of financial globalization and regionalization through the prism of the specifics of macro-financial policy, imbalances of global financial markets, and asymmetries of the global financial markets that affect the financial markets participants.
- To equip students with understanding of the complex mechanisms and patterns of the ICFR in different phases of the business, financial, and economic cycles; of the specifics of the relationship and interdependence of the ICFR with other segments of macro-financial management and, as such, to expand their understanding of the processes in the global financial environment and how they are affected by international financial intermediation.
- Students should be able to analyze the specifics of the foreign exchange position of the bank and how it affects its stress resilience, how the instruments of international capital markets are used, and how the national credit and eurocredit markets work.
- Students should be able to differentiate among various categories of world currencies; understand how the exchange rate is settled; and what is the specifics of the monetary policy trilemma.
- Students should have a hands-on approach in identification of the various types of risks associated with the ICFR. They should understand the extent to which risk transmission affects international financial markets and financial stability, and risks in the ICFR could be mitigated.
- Students should know the factors underlying the institution and operationalization of the international financial institutions, their core functions, and differentiate between global and regional financial institutions.
- Students should know the specifics of the balance of payments’ structure, the purpose of its accounts, and how they are offset in case of the positive or negative balance.
- Students should recognize the main differences between international credit and international project finance. They should understand why international leasing is required and be able to make the difference between international factoring and international forfeiting.
- Students should understand differences among the main forms of the trade finance instruments and when they are used, as well as the risks associated with international trade finance transactions.
- Students should understand how Russia affects the ICFR by means of the participation in the international financial markets, what is the specifics of the Russian balance of payments, and how the exchange rate of the Russian ruble affects the exchange rate policy of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
- Students should understand the core principles, issues, and challenges of the contemporary international currency and financial relationships (ICFR); risks of financial globalization and regionalization, as well as how the ICFR are affected by crises.
- World economy, and international currency and financial relationshipsFinancial globalization and regionalization as driving forces of the world economic development. Framework and specifics of the contemporary landscape of the international currency and financial relationships (ICFR). Core principles of the ICFR. Fundamentals of the ICFR. Evolution and core milestones of the international monetary system. Cross-border capital movement. Risks of financial globalization and regionalization. Economic effect of financial globalization and regionalization. Financial regionalization in the EU and the EU-wide financial institutions and financial architecture. ICFR and financial crises.
- International monetary system, policy, and regulationWhat is currency? Currency classification criteria. Reserve currencies. Factors affecting the currency exchange rate, and the exchange rate quantification mechanism. Exchange rate quotation. What is monetary system? National vs. international monetary system. Foreign exchange restrictions and convertibility of currencies. Regionalization (supranationalization) and integration of the monetary system (evidence from the EU). Monetary policy trilemma (the Mundell-Fleming model). Obstacles to financial integration.
- Balance of paymentsWhy we need the Balance of Payments (BoP)? Definition and structure of the BoP. Components of the BoP and the BoP accounts. Net balance of payments (surplus/deficit) and its valuation techniques. Principles of accounting in the BoP. BoP transactions. Deficit and surplus of the Current account. Factors affecting the BoP quantitative parameters. Regulation of the BoP. Balance of payments deficit and mechanisms of minimization of BoP imbalances.
- International trade financeInternational trade finance (a.k.a. international settlements) in promoting foreign economic relations. Specifics of international trade finance. Instruments of international trade finance (Letter of Credit, Documentary Collection, Bank Transfer, Bill of Exchange, Standby Letter of Credit, Letter of Guarantee) and their comparative analysis. Official documents underlying international trade finance. Risks in international trade finance.
- International creditPrinciples and functional specifics of international credit. Forms and types of international credit. International project finance. International loan syndication and its advantages. Differences between international project finance and international loan syndication. International leasing. International factoring. International forfeiting. Financial and payment terms underlying international credit agreements/arrangements. Collateral under international credit. Regulation of international credit relationships.
- International foreign exchange, credit, and securities marketsInternational foreign exchange, credit, and securities markets amid the processes of financial globalization and regionalization. International foreign exchange market and its instruments (spot, forward, swap, futures, options, foreign exchange arbitrage). Functional specifics of international foreign exchange markets. The structure and the participants of international foreign exchange markets. Foreign exchange position of the bank. Long and short positions. Activity of economic agents in international foreign exchange markets. International credit (capital) markets and their specifics. Instruments of international capital markets. National credit and eurocredit markets. LIBOR, its core characteristics, and the proposed successors. International markets of hybrid financial instruments and financial derivatives. International securities markets. Primary and secondary securities markets. Eurofinancial securities markets. International financial centers.
- Risks in international currency and financial relationshipsInevitability of risks in the ICFR. Sources of risks. Types of risks. Macro level risks (sovereign risk, country risk, systemic (system-wide) risk, political risk). Commercial risks (strategic risk, reputational risk, cybersecurity risks, risk of information asymmetry). Market risks (foreign exchange (currency) risk, interest rate risk). Operational risks (credit risk, liquidity risk). Risk insurance/risk hedging in the ICFR. Quantitative and qualitative approaches in risk analysis. Mechanisms of risk transmission (contagion effect) and instruments of risk mitigation. Normal or excessive risk transmission? National export credit agencies/banks as the enablers of risk minimization in the ICFR.
- Institutional framework of international currency and financial relationshipsWhat is international financial institution? The background, evolution, and core milestones of international financial institutions. The system of international financial institutions. International financial institutions as the ICFR participants. Functions and functional specifics of the international financial institutions. Global financial institutions. The International Monetary Fund (IMF). Special Drawing Rights (SDR). IMF quota and its calculation. IMF quota revision. The World Bank Group (WBG). Sources of the World Bank’s credit resources. The Bank for International Settlements (BIS). The Financial Stability Board (FSB). The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS). Regional financial institutions (international/multilateral development banks) and their specifics. EU international financial organizations. European Investment Bank (EIB). European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). Asian Development Bank (ADB).
- International currency and financial relationships of RussiaRussia in the ICFR. Fundamentals, core elements, and principles of the Russian foreign exchange system and the foreign exchange policy. Russian ruble and the extent of its convertibility. International foreign exchange liquidity of Russia. Foreign exchange regulation in Russia. Foreign exchange quotation by the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. Structure of the Russian foreign exchange assets. Balance of payments of the Russian Federation. Russia as an international borrower and an international lender. Participation of Russia in international financial organizations. Specifics of financial interplay between Russia and other members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU).
- Seminars (неблокирующий)
- Control work 1 (неблокирующий)
- Control work 2 (неблокирующий)
- Essay (неблокирующий)
- Class attendance (неблокирующий)
- Exam (for those graded 0-3 for the Program) (неблокирующий)
- Промежуточная аттестация (3 модуль)0.1 * Class attendance + 0.15 * Control work 1 + 0.25 * Control work 2 + 0.25 * Essay + 0.25 * Seminars
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- Bank of Russia annual report for 2017, The Bank of Russia Board of Directors, , ISBN: , 2018
- Banking crises, liquidity, and credit lines : a macroeconomic perspective, Singh G., ISBN: 978-1-13-879870-0, 2014
- Banking strategy, credit appraisal, and lending decisions : a risk-return framework, Bhattacharya H., ISBN: 978-0-19-807410-6, 2011
- Cash and credit, Barker D. A., ISBN: 978-1-10-740183-9, 2011
- Counterparty credit risk and credit value adjustment : a continuing challenge for global financial markets, Gregory J., ISBN: 978-1-11-831667-2, 2012
- Credit risk management : basic concepts: financial risk components, rating analysis, models, economic and regulatory capital, Gestel van T., Baesens B., ISBN: 978-0-19-954511-7, 2009
- Credit risk measurement in and out of the financial crisis : new approaches to value at risk and other paradigms, Saunders A., Allen L., ISBN: 978-0-470-47834-9, 2010
- Currency convertibility : the gold standard and beyond, De Macedo J. B., Eichengreen B., Reis J., ISBN: 978-0-415-51354-8, 2011
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- Financial derivatives : futures, forwards, swaps, options, corporate securities, and credit default swaps, Constantinides G. M., ISBN: 978-981-461-842-7, 2015
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- International finance and open-economy macroeconomics : theory, history, and policy, Van den Berg, H., ISBN: 9789814730242, 2016
- International finance and open-economy macroeconomics, Gandolfo G., ISBN: 3-540-43459-3, 2002
- International project finance : law and practice, Dewar J., ISBN: 978-0-19-871555-9, 2015
- Letters of credit and demand guarantees : defences to payment, Horowitz D., ISBN: 978-0-19-958853-4, 2010
- Letters of credit, Champion, S. R., ISBN: 9781549724459, 2017
- Models of balance of payments constrained growth : history, theory and empirical evidence, Soukiazis E., Cerqueira P. A., ISBN: 978-1-13-702394-0, 2012
- Money, currency and crisis : in search of trust, 2000 bc to ad 2000, Spek van der, R. J., Leeuwen van, B., ISBN: 9781138628359, 2018
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- Owning development : creating policy norms in the IMF and the World Bank, Park S., Vetterlein A., ISBN: 978-0-521-19895-0, 2010
- Qne currency, two Europes, Dallago, B., ISBN: 9789814759014, 2016
- Reform of the international monetary system : Why and how?, Taylor, J. B., ISBN: 9780262536752, 2019
- Reforming the World Bank : twenty years of trial - and error, Phillips D. A., ISBN: 978-0-521-17477-0, 2011
- Sovereign risk analysis, Heffernan S. A., ISBN: 978-0-415-53855-8, 2012
- Structured credit products : credit derivatives & synthetic securitisation, Choudhry M., ISBN: 978-0-470-82413-9, 2010
- Studies in foreign exchange economics, Evans, M. D. D., ISBN: 9789813147560, 2017
- Successes of the International Monetary Fund : untold stories of cooperation at work, Brau E., McDonald I., ISBN: 978-0-230-57809-8, 2009
- Systemic risk : the dynamics of modern financial systems, Gai P., ISBN: 978-0-19-954449-3, 2013
- The IMF and European economies : crisis and conditionality, Rogers C., ISBN: 978-0-230-30065-1, 2012
- The IMF and global financial crises : Phoenix rising?, Joyce J. P., ISBN: 978-0-521-87417-5, 2013
- The Russian Financial Crisis: Why was the Rouble Devaluation accompanied by Sovereign Debt Default?, Shpringel V.K., ISBN: , 2005
- Understanding letter of credit : learner's guide to letter of credit, Koshal, N. S., ISBN: 9781946822079, 2017
- Balance of payments and exchange rate theories, Miller N. C., ISBN: 1-84064-954-2, 2002
- Looking back at Russian financial crisis : Препринт (Working paper) #2001/029, Gurvich E., ISBN: 5-8211-0165-4, 2001
- Russian banking : evolution, problems and prospects, Lane D., ISBN: 1-84064-941-0, 2002
- United Kingdom balance of payments : the pink book, Bundey J., Office for National Statistics, ISBN: 978-0-230-54565-6, 2008