Теория и методология современной психологии
Статус: Курс обязательный (Прикладная социальная психология)
Направление: 37.04.01. Психология
Кто читает: Департамент психологии
Где читается: Факультет социальных наук
Когда читается: 1-й курс, 1, 2 модуль
Формат изучения: Full time
Прогр. обучения: Прикладная социальная психология
Modern Social Psychology is evolving at a very fast pace, however there are fundamental theories, concepts, principles, methods and standards that we need to know in order to conduct up-to-date, evidence-based, relevant research and practical work in this field. This course provides students with knowledge and skills of such fundamentals, and demonstrates the horizons of their application in a modern, evolving context. We will revisit such key topics as social cognition, social self, emotions, attitudes, behavior change, prosocial behavior, aggression, attraction and rejection, as well as group processes and group relations. We will, first, introduce these topics through lectures that will cover the history of their development as well as modern application. Then, during seminars, students will be given cutting-edge research article readings on the same topics, in order to present, discuss and brainstorm ideas in terms of research and application. Based on these materials, students will also design their own intervention projects that they may be able to use later in their professional lives.
- Studying areas of Advanced Social Psychology.
- Introducing students to the latest developments and data in the field of Social Psychology.
- Gaining a deeper knowledge of applied areas of Social Psychology.
- Studying methodological tools of Advanced Social Psychology.
- Building project activity skills in Applied Social Psychology.
- Be able to apply psychosocial theories to solve modern problems
- Be capable of defining theoretical and applied aspects of advanced social psychology
- Be capable of defining, selecting and using the appropriate methods of psychosocial research
- Know and be able to apply modern international research standards in the field of social psychology
- Know and be able to apply modern international standards of presenting results of psychosocial research in English (in written and in oral)
- Know and be able to apply the main theoretical approaches, main categories, fundamental research questions and concepts of advanced social psychology
- Introduction to Social PsychologySocial Psychology as a scientific field: social relevance, basic concepts. Brief history of Social Psychology – before and after World War II. Main concepts of the “person” in the Social Psychology: consistency seeker, self-esteem maximizer, information seeker, information processor, foolish mistake maker, situational responder.
- Social CognitionConcept of social cognition. Categorization process and schemes in social cognition. Content of social cognition. Social representations. Basic approaches to an individual as a subject of social cognition: rationalizing person, naive scientist, practicing data processing individual, cognitive miser, motivated tactician. Processes of social information processing: main stages and its characteristics. Error sources that occur in processing of social information.
- The Social SelfStructure of the “Self”, components of the «Self»: self-knowledge (selfconcept); the interpersonal self, or public self; the agent self, or executive function. Functions of the self. Self-awareness, self-esteem, negative aspects of highest self-esteem. Self-deception. Self-efficacy, cross-cultural aspects of selfefficacy. Interdependent of self-concept, self-construal. Self-presentation and its functions. Self-Monitoring.
- Social Psychology of emotionEmotions phenomenology. Social functions of emotions. Emotion as a sociopsychological construct. The influence of emotions on social cognition. Emotions’ emergence. The theory of two factors by Schachter. Theory of assessments. Emotions and culture. The influence of social environment on the expression of emotions in different cultures.
- Attitudes and their measurementThe structure of attitudes. Three-dimensional model of attitudes. The ratio of social attitudes and social behavior. The reasons for the mismatch between social attitudes and social behavior. Methods for measuring social attitudes: unipolar dimension measure, semantic differential, scaling technology, scale of social distance.
- Attitudes and BehaviourStudying relationships between attitudes and behavior. Theory of reasoned action by M. Fishbein and I. Aizen. Theory of planned behavior by I. Aizen (TPB). Model of planned behavior: attitudes towards behavior, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control. Beliefs underlying 3 components of planned behavior. Studying relationships between intention and actual behavior according to the TPB. The concept of actual behavioral control, its function. Factors influencing beliefs about behavior, norms, and control. Studies conducted with the use of the TPB. Ways of changing behavior according to the TPB. Questionnaire constructing technique according to TPB for studying behavior. Context effect on attitudes. Stability of attitudes over time. The formation of social attitudes: classical conditioning, instrumental conditioning. Belief as a way of shaping and changing attitude. Attitude change with the help of using stimuli.
- Prosocial behaviorThe concept of prosocial behavior. Motives of prosocial behavior. Studies on prosocial behavior. Social support. Personal and situational factors influencing social behavior.
- Aggression, attraction and rejectionDefinition of aggression. Theories explaining the origin of aggression. Instinct theory of aggression (S. Freud, K. Lorenz). Frustration theory of aggression (J. Dollard, N. Miller et al.), social learning theory (A. Bandura), theory of excitation transfer (D. Zillmann). Cognitive models of aggressive behavior (L. Berkowitz). Need for social contact, concept of affiliation. Situations impeding and promoting affiliation. Affiliation motives. Concept of attraction. Liking and disliking. Factors influencing expression of sympathy and antipathy. Attractive personality characteristics. Distinction between attraction and sympathy. Friendship and close relations. Factors affecting the development of friendship and close relations. Social exclusion and its causes. The psychological consequences of the ostracism. Somatic reactions to rejection. Loneliness and psychological methods of coping with it.
- Group Processes and Intergroup RelationsDifferences between interpersonal and intergroup behavior. Sources of prejudice. Theories explaining the sources of prejudice and discrimination in intergroup relations. Discrimination as a product of personal characteristics. Discrimination and prejudice as a result of conflict of interest in intergroup relations. Minimal group paradigm. Group affiliation and social identity. Social comparison. Opportunities of leaving the group. Contact hypothesis.
- Course written assignment (неблокирующий)
- The quiz (неблокирующий)
- The group task (неблокирующий)
- Final exam (неблокирующий)