Экономика общественного сектора
- Formation of the knowledge of basic ideas and concepts of public economics
- Acquaintance with the main problems of modern public policy and the ways to solve them
- Formation of the ability to discuss and defend one’s own point of view on public policy issues
- Students are able to explain the nature and economic effects of public goods with regard to the public policies
- Students are able to explain the nature and economic effects of externalities and formulate policy with regard to their corrections
- Students are able to explain and assess the properties and the consequences of majority voting, voting rules, log-rolling, rent-seeking behavior, corruption and bureaucracy.
- Students are able to classify taxes, to explain and calculate tax incidence and deadweight loss, to formulate the Ramsey rule and determine the problem of optimal taxation
- Students are able to explain social welfare functions, adverse selection and moral hazard, to classify the types of social insurance and determine their main problems.
- Students are able to compare money and in-kind transfers, explain targeted entitlements and incentives, determine sustainability of intergenerational income transfers and analyze the problems for of health care and health insurance.
- Public GoodsTypes of Public Goods. Properties of public goods. Voluntary personal payments for public goods. Weakest-link and volunteer-type public goods. An efﬁcient economy with public and private goods. Information and Public Goods. Can governments solve the information problem? The Clarke tax and truthful self-reporting.
- ExternalitiesExternalities. Private resolution attributes of externalities Private ownership solutions. The Coase theorem. Resolution of externalities through personal behavior. Public Policies and Externalities. The case for government. The means of public policy Political decisions. Global externalities and international agreements
- Public Choice:The Median Voter and Majority Voting. Voting and efﬁcient public spending. The Condorcet winner and efﬁcient public-spending proposals.. Logrolling. Political Competition. Direct and representative democracy . Political competition with a single issue . Political competition with multiple issues. Systems of voting and the Condorcet winner Rent-seeking. Rent-seeking and non-productive behavior. Rent-seeking and social losses. Models of rent-seeking behavior. Corruption.Bureaucracy. The budget-maximizing bureaucrat: Niskanen model and extensions. The slack-maximizing bureaucrat. The government as Leviathan
- TaxationWho pays a tax?. Tax incidence. The excess burden of taxation. Tax revenue and the Laffer curve.. Optimal Taxation. The Ramsey rule for efﬁcient taxation. The equal-sacriﬁce principle for socially just taxation. Optimal income taxation. Political and social objectives. Tax Evasion and the Shadow Economy. Tax evasion as free riding. The behavior of the tax authorities.
- Social JusticeSocial Justice and Insurance. Uncertain incomes and the demand for insurance. Social welfare functions and social insurance contracts. Choice of social insurance behind a veil of ignorance. Adverse selection and time inconsistency. Moral Hazard. Moral hazard and insurance. Moral hazard and adverse selection. Public policy responses to moral hazard. Social Justice without Government. Altruism and charity.
- EntitlementsThe Attributes and Consequences of Entitlements. Money and in-kind transfers. Targeted entitlements and incentives. Is equal opportunity achievable? An intergenerational social contract. Sustainability of intergenerational income transfers. Personal voluntary provision for retirement. Transition from intergenerational dependence. The Entitlement to Health Care and Health Insurance. The problem of containing health costs. The market for health insurance. Socialized medicine. Healthcare choices
- HomeworkHomework includes preparing a report on a selected topic and presenting it at a seminar.
- Examination test
- Hillman, A. L. (2019). Public Finance and Public Policy. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.b.cup.cbooks.9781107136311
- Hindriks, J., & Myles, G. D. (2013). Intermediate Public Economics (Vol. Second edition). Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=564828
- Goodin, R., Moran, M., & Rein, M. (2015). The Oxford handbook of public policy. Australia, Australia/Oceania: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.3A27B9A0
- Zahariadis, N. (2016). Handbook of Public Policy Agenda Setting. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1409252