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Магистратура 2019/2020

Экспериментальная лингвистика

Статус: Курс обязательный (Лингвистическая теория и описание языка)
Направление: 45.04.03. Фундаментальная и прикладная лингвистика
Когда читается: 2-й курс, 1, 2 модуль
Формат изучения: без онлайн-курса
Прогр. обучения: Лингвистическая теория и описание языка
Язык: английский
Кредиты: 3

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The aim of the course is to introduce the students to the study of experimental methods used in the study of language. The main focus of the course is the use of experimental methods in field linguistics and study of bilingualism. The course is essentially based on students’ reading of important articles in the domain, their presentation and classroom discussions and quizzes.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • to introduce students to theoretic and methodological knowledge in experimental linguistics
  • to introduce students to experiment design to study linguistic phenomena in various populations
  • to introduce students to modern instrumental approaches in psycholinguistics
  • to introduce students to critical analysis of modern psycholinguistic research
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • understands the theoretical background of experiment design in linguistic studies
  • knows the fundamental principles of preparing a linguistic experiment
  • is familiar with the basic instrumental methods in modern psycholinguistics and their application
  • reads and understands basic literature on empirical research in psycho- and neurolinguistics
  • applies their knowledge to suggest an appropriate experiment design and to carry out an experimental study
  • critically approaches various studies in experimental linguistics
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Introduction
    An overview of the instrumental repertoire of modern psycholinguistics appropriate in field conditions, including behavorial methods and eye-tracking. Their advantages and pitfalls. Sampling subjects. Examples of domains where experimental methods can be applied in the field.
  • Fundamentals of experimental approaches to the study of language
    Experiment in the narrow vs. broad sense. What is a hypothesis. The principle of verification and its limitations, the principle of falsification. The notion of experimental validity of an experimental study. Dependent, independent (predictor) and confounding variable. Inter-group and intra-group experiments, their advantages and pitfalls. Quasiexperiment.
  • Methods of psycho- and neurolinguistics
    Overview of the methods used in psycho- and neurolinguistics. Control vs. ecological validity. General limitations of experiments involving behavioral methods. The connection between variables available for control and the domain of the study: comparing their use in speech comprehension vs. production. Methods and examples of experimental studies: repeating after the supervisor, carrying out instructions, lexical and grammatical decision tasks, self-paced reading, picture description tasks, referential studies of dialogue or narrative structure. Analysis of experimental logs: general design, selecting predictors and objectives of the experiment. Eye-tracking: visual world paradigm and recording eye movements during reading. Electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related potentails (ERPs) in linguistic studies.
  • Brain and language
    Fundamentals of neurolinguistics and neuroanatomy. Neuroimaging methods: fMRI, DTI, TMS. Language after brain damage.
  • Experimental studies of mental lexicon
    Mental lexicon. Models of mental lexicon. Experimental studies of ambiguity. Bilingual mental lexicon
  • Experimental studies of morphology
    Experimental studies focusing on morphological structure(s) in the context of field research of under-described minority or endangered languages. Considering experimental conditions in field environment.
  • Experimental studies of syntax
    Garden-path and ambiguous sentences. Role of semantics and pragmatics in comprehension of ambiguous sentences. Processing of subject and object gaps.
  • Experimental studies of discourse
    Methods for discourse elicitation and annotation. Role of common ground in discourse processing. Experimental studies of co-speech gestures. Experimental studies of reference in discourse.
  • Bilingualism
    Bilingual language development. Types of bilingualism. Grammatical category attrition and functional convergence. Hypothesis of bilingual advantage.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking short tests
  • non-blocking presentation
  • non-blocking essay
  • non-blocking экзамен (final test)
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.3 * essay + 0.2 * presentation + 0.3 * short tests + 0.2 * экзамен (final test)
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Gernsbacher, M. A., & Traxler, M. J. (2006). Handbook of Psycholinguistics (Vol. 2nd ed). Amsterdam: Academic Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=187294
  • Indefrey, P. (2011). The Spatial and Temporal Signatures of Word Production Components: A Critical Update. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.C0D28199
  • Michael J. Spivey, & Michael K. Tanenhaus. (1998). Syntactic ambiguity resolution in discourse: modeling the effects of referential context and lexical frequency. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.6F10B098

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Huettig, F., Rommers, J., & Meyer, A. (2011). Using the visual world paradigm to study language processing: A review and critical evaluation. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.3AB3E1BA