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Аспирантура 2020/2021

Философия когнитивных и нейронаук

Статус: Курс по выбору
Направление: 37.06.01. Психологические науки
Когда читается: 2-й курс, 1 семестр
Формат изучения: без онлайн-курса
Охват аудитории: для своего кампуса
Язык: русский
Кредиты: 4

Программа дисциплины

Аннотация

The course discusses and develops the main themes in contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive science from theoretic and from historic perspective. The aim of the course is twofold: a) students will be introduced to central topics of the divergent theories of mind from physicalist and non-reductive perspective and b) will be given historical context of contemporary philosophy of cognitive science. The course introduces and discusses the theoretical perspectives and methods together with historical context of such problems like free will, personal identity, mind-body problem, phenomenal consciousness and qualia, mental causality, mental content, supervenience, materialism, functionalism and non-reductive theories as well as some continental proposals and alternatives such as the absolute idealism and phenomenology of Brentano and Husserl.
Цель освоения дисциплины

Цель освоения дисциплины

  • The main objective of the course is conceptual orientation in contemporary philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of mind. Theoretical discussions and presentations made by students together with lectures and discussions will be the main goal of the studies.Students will master the key topics and methods of contemporary philosophy. Some of the methods of conceptual analysis together with argument-building skills in thought experiments and logical schemes of arguments will help students in the independent post-course studies and discussions. Students will develop appropriate professional writing and presentation skills.
Планируемые результаты обучения

Планируемые результаты обучения

  • Demonstrates competence to generate theoretical inference, hypotheses and research questions related to the topics in contemporary philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of mind
  • Demonstrates competence to choose conceptual analysis instruments relevant for the research task at hand; demonstrates competence to select appropriate approach (task-based vs. connectivity)
  • Distinguishes between different approaches in the relevant field of philosophy; demonstrates general understanding of principles according to which clusters of problems and relevant questions are organized; can search for and obtain relevant research papers, contemporary and historical sources
  • Demonstrates competence to analyze research papers in philosophy of cognitive neuroscience; demonstrates awareness of interdisciplinary research strategies
  • Distinguishes competencies of different research specializations in the philosophy of mind and relevant fields of cognitive neuroscience
  • Demonstrates knowledge of relevant ethical consequences of contemporary discussions of perspectives of cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind
Содержание учебной дисциплины

Содержание учебной дисциплины

  • 1. From Early Modern to nineteenth century philosophy.
    Mind as a substance and a space of ideas; from phenomenalistic perspective to idealism. Metaphysics of James and Russel and logical empiricist's 'Aufbau';
  • 2. Philosophy of psychology or philosophy of mind
    Rylean and Wittgensteinian perspective on conceptual analysis and mental properties;
  • 3. The birth of the Philosophy of Mind: from Ryle to Feigl.
    Identity theories of mind and scientific materialism. Topic-neutral theories of mind and anomalous monism;
  • 4. Functionalism and machine consciousness.
    Multiple drafts model. Intentionality and mind: mental content, identity and causality.
  • 5. Elimination of mind vs. knowledge arguments.
    How much consciousness is in the nature? Rebirth of non-reduction. Modal arguments, supervenience and property dualism. Evolutionary perspective.
  • 6. “Core knowledge” and innateness.
    Do we have innate traits? What is innateness?
  • 7. On whether there can be a “reduction” of cognitive science to neuroscience.
Элементы контроля

Элементы контроля

  • неблокирующий Homework (reading)
  • неблокирующий Class participation
  • неблокирующий Essay and presentation
    The essay must be written in English and presented in doc, docx or pdf format; it must include a separate cover page, the text and the abstract of the solution (no more than 100 words); it must contain no more than 7000-8000 characters (including the cover page). The proposed solution must be relevant to the course. The student can score up to 8 points, if she is able to demonstrate expert knowledge of the concepts and ideas discussed in the course. The student can score up to 9-10 points, if in addition to that, she is able to present and prove her own position. Clarity, short sentences, logic, is a strong advantage. Long confusing sentences, lack of logic, lack of structure are disadvantages.
  • неблокирующий Exam
Промежуточная аттестация

Промежуточная аттестация

  • Промежуточная аттестация (I семестр)
    0.2 * Class participation + 0.3 * Essay and presentation + 0.3 * Exam + 0.2 * Homework (reading)
Список литературы

Список литературы

Рекомендуемая основная литература

  • Chalmers, D. (2015). The Two-Dimensional Argument Against Materialism. Oxford University Press.
  • Churchland, P. S., & Sejnowski, T. J. (2016). Blending computational and experimental neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrn.2016.114
  • David Hume. (2020). An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Open Road Media.
  • Descartes, R. (2016). Meditations on first philosophy: meditation I (of the things of which we may doubt).
  • Descartes, R. (2016). Meditations on first philosophy: meditation II (of the nature of the human mind; and that it is more easily known than the body).
  • Feigl, H. (1967). The “mental” and the ’physical’ : The Essay and a Postscript. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=225114
  • Gilbert Ryle. (2020). The Concept of Mind. Barakaldo Books.
  • Place, U. T. (1979). The self and its brain. An argument for interactionism. Annals of Science, 36(4), 403.
  • Spelke, E. S., & Kinzler, K. D. (2007). Core knowledge. Developmental Science, 10(1), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00569.x

Рекомендуемая дополнительная литература

  • Russell, B. (2014). The Analysis of Mind. Lanham: Start Classics. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=779576