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Бакалавриат 2021/2022

Русское искусство второй половины XIX – начала XX вв.

Статус: Курс по выбору (История искусств)
Направление: 50.03.03. История искусств
Когда читается: 4-й курс, 1, 2 модуль
Формат изучения: с онлайн-курсом
Охват аудитории: для своего кампуса
Язык: русский
Кредиты: 6

Программа дисциплины

Аннотация

The course ‘Russian Art of the Second Half of the Nineteenth – Early Twentieth Centuries’ introduces Russian art from realism in the 1860s to the radical experiments of the avant-garde in the 1910s. The course will move chronologically and attend to both canonical and less familiar movements and artists, and themes across the course shall include: the significance of collectors and critics, the reception of Russian art in the West, new forms of media such as theatre design, the status of women artists, and modernism and the avant-garde. Students will critically engage with primary and secondary literature, especially recent developments in scholarship on Russian art, and analyse artworks within their social and political context.
Цель освоения дисциплины

Цель освоения дисциплины

  • To introduce students to the main problems of the course, to its notions, concepts and terminology, and to the existing literature
  • To enable students to master methods of art historical analysis and to be able to apply this analysis at theoretical, ideological, institutional, and research levels
  • To engender in students an understanding of the complex developments of Russian art of the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries
  • To introduce students to the English language terminology relevant to the course
Планируемые результаты обучения

Планируемые результаты обучения

  • This course will prepare students to write proposals for their diploma topics, as required of them, in English
  • Gain a general knowledge of the English language historiography of Russian art history
  • Know the main theoretical and ideological approaches of Anglophone art historians
  • Be able to identify, analyse, and categorise the approaches of Anglophone historians of Russian art and compare them to the approaches of certain Russophone scholars
  • Gain experience discussing, analysing, and debating the problems of the Anglophone historiography of Russian art history, while using the appropriate English language terminology
  • Gain a general knowledge of the predominant Russian artists and artistic movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century
Содержание учебной дисциплины

Содержание учебной дисциплины

  • Topic 1: The Association of Travelling Art Exhibitions (Peredvizhniki) and Russian Realism
    The rise of Russian Realism in the age of reforms under Alexander II. Vasily Perov’s critical genre painting, the Revolt of the 14 at the Academy of Arts, and the formation of the Peredvizhniki. Analysis of the Peredvizhniki’s initial aims and their subsequent interpretation by critic Vladimir Stasov and scholars from the Soviet period onwards. Discussion of the diverse range of art produced by the Association, including genre painting, landscape, history and religious painting, and portraiture. The significance of collector Pavel Tretyakov. Examination of the category of Orientalism in the Russian Empire through the work of Vereshchagin, Repin.
  • Topic 2: Russian Impressionism
    Introduction to the problem of the category of ‘Russian Impressionism’. Reflections on Ilya Repin’s diverse oeuvre. Valentin Serov and discussion of his innovations in art. The impact of the pedagogy of the Peredvizhniki on the Moscow Impressionists. The role of light in landscape painting and interior scenes in their work and their activities as part of the Union of Russian Artists (Союз русских художников).
  • Topic 3: The Arts and Crafts and Abramtsevo
    The arts and crafts movement and artists’ experiments in new media, including the decorative arts and theatre design. The impact of Savva and Elizaveta Mamontov’s Abramtsevo on the arts and the revival of interest in Russian national culture and folk art. Analysis of the neo-Russian style and the work of Polenova, Vasnetsov. Close examination of needlework and textiles and their reception abroad.
  • Topic 4: Russian Modernism and the World of Art
    Introduction to modernism in Russian through the World of Art group’s activities at the fin de siècle (Silver Age). Analysis of eclecticism in the arts and internationalism through exhibitions organised by Sergei Diaghilev in Russia and Europe. Retrospectivism of Alexander Benois and Konstantin Somov. The reception of Russian culture in the West, especially the Ballets Russes. The World of Art and the graphic arts (book illustration, journals), style moderne in architecture and modern artists’ church commissions.
  • Topic 5: Women and the Arts in Russia
    Introduction to women artists in Russia. Artistic training available to women across the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Comparison of the status of women artists in Russia and the West. Introduction to the prominence of women in Russian modernism, from well-known figures such as Serebriakova, Goncharova, and Yakunchikova to lesser-known artists in the Vienna Secession, as well as an overview of women collectors. Close examination of primary source accounts (letters, memoirs) of women artists.
  • Topic 6: The Avant-Garde
    The impact of Sergei Shchukin and Ivan Morozov’s collections of European modernist painting. The importance of ‘the spiritual’ in modernism and the avant-garde. Vrubel and Symbolism. Discussion of the radical activities of the avant-garde (Jack of Diamonds, Donkey’s Tail). Russian Neoprimitivism, Larionov’s response to Gauguin and complex narratives of empire in Russia. Futurist performance and popular visual culture. Impressionism and the early avant-garde, Burliuk’s writings. Analysis of the abstract art of Kandinsky, Larionov, Goncharova, and Malevich through their writings and the installation art of Vladimir Tatlin.
  • Topic 7: The Russian Emigration
    The emigration of Russian artists in the aftermath of the First World War, Civil War, and Revolution of 1917. The theoretical issues of exile and migration. The community of Russia Abroad and the preservation of pre-Revolutionary culture. The lives and careers of émigré artists in Europe and the United States, the legacy of the World of Art group.
Элементы контроля

Элементы контроля

  • неблокирующий test/ formal analysis paper
    800-1000 words.
  • неблокирующий Participation
  • неблокирующий Final essay
  • неблокирующий Presentation
    In a 10-minute oral presentation (along with a Power Point presentation if the student wishes), the student must present either one text on the reading list or one artist and/or artwork(s) relevant to the seminar topic. The student must contact Dr Kozicharow in advance to confirm their topic. Each seminar will have about 1-2 presentations (except for the first seminar, which does not have a presentation), and in the first week of class, students will choose the seminar in which they would like to present. The speaker should discuss the text or artist, offer their view on the subject, and know the related literature. Students are encouraged to read the list of additional reading for their workshop. All students should read the discussed texts in advance, know their main content, be ready to ask the speaker a question and discuss the topic. Thoughtful questions and additions are welcome in every possible way
Промежуточная аттестация

Промежуточная аттестация

  • Промежуточная аттестация (2 модуль)
    0.5 * Final essay + 0.125 * Participation + 0.125 * Presentation + 0.25 * test/ formal analysis paper
Список литературы

Список литературы

Рекомендуемая основная литература

  • Russian art of the avant - garde : theory and criticism 1902-1934, Bowlt, J. E., 2017
  • Russian realisms : literature and painting, 1840 - 1890, Brunson, M., 2016
  • The arts and crafts movements, Blakesley, R. P., 2006
  • The Russian canvas : painting in imperial Russia, 1757 - 1881, Blakesley, R. P., 2016
  • The silver age: Russian art of the early twentieth century and the "World of art" group, Bowlt, J.E., 1982
  • Абрамцево. Искусство и жизнь, Пастон, Э. В., 2003
  • Художники русской эмиграции: Istanbul- Београд - Praha - Berlin - Paris, Толстой, А. В., 2005

Рекомендуемая дополнительная литература

  • История русской живописи в ХIX веке, Бенуа А.Н., 1999
  • Силуэты русских художников, Маковский, С., 1999