Теория и практика политического анализа
- The goals of the course are - to provide theoretical background in understanding policy analysis as applied social science field and profession of a policy analyst; - to equip students with methodological tools in order to be able - to design new policy analysis projects and to choose matching methods for evaluating such projects; - to familiarize with recent trends in demand from policy-makers (evidence synthesis, project management) and technologies affecting the field (blockchain, AI, big data). - To guide students in applying different analytical tools and practicing trial projects to analyze policy projects.
- Develops knowledge of different methodologies and can match adequately policy problems with appropriate methodological tool of analysis, and can explain their choice of analytical tool and methods.
- Familiarize with existing contexts for policy analysis and can communicate their knowledge with various audiences (experts, policy-makers and general audiences
- Demonstrate knowledge of merging trends in the field
- Shows capacity and readiness to apply acquired knowledge in managing and delivering real projects professionally, creatively and within ethical standards.
- Introduction to Policy AnalysisMain object of analysis and key concepts. Current challenges of studying societal frameworks, Emergence and unpredictability. Limits of knowledge. Definition of policy and policy analysis. Elements of policy process (initial assessment, context, actors, contents, impact). Distinction between social research and policy analysis. Mapping terms (public policy, policy studies, policy science, policy analysis and policy advising). Public analysis and issue of accountability.
- Evidence-based Research and the Role of DataChallenges and promises of Internet for public policy. Concept of Evidence-Based Policy-making (EBPM) and its early use by the Blair government. Big Data, its implications for policy analysis. Ethical Issues. Statistics governance as an example, and its 8 dimensions. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and policy analysis of the future.
- Historical foundations for policy analysisModern public policy debate and the rise of policy analysis. Role of policy analysts (‘whiz kids’ or ‘econocrats’) in 1960-70s. Policy analysis as a movement. Three major schools of thought (Policy analysis based on the theories of state. Rationalists explaining how public action functions. Evaluative Approach). Policy analysis as a ‘science of action’ (Neo-institutionalism, Neo-Weberism, New-Marxism). Postpositivism.
- Typologies of Policy Analysis (Normative vs Empirical, Retrospective vs Prospective, Prescriptive vs Descriptive)Methodological Debates. 6 Policy analysis styles (1) a rational style; (2) an argumentative style; (3) a client advice style; (4) a participatory style; (5) a process style; (6) an interactive style). Normative Policy Analysis. Relation between Normative political theory and empirical research. Retrospective and Prospective Policy Analysis: Contrasting the two fields in terms of mind-set, purpose, problems, advantages, and modes of inquiry. Discussion where to use Descriptive policy analysis refers to either the historical analysis of past policies or the evaluation of a new policy as it is implemented. Descriptive policy analysis ex post, post hoc, or retrospective. anticipatory, or prospective policy analysis (ex ante, pre hoc). Prescriptive and predictive policy analysis.
- Actor-based Analysis and Stakeholder ApproachDifference between agency, stakeholders and actors. Actor analysis. Multi-actor analysis. Types of stakeholders. Stakeholder mapping. Discussion of benefits of interpretative research for better understanding policy actors. Actor Based Change Framework and its 6 steps. Capability, Motivation, Opportunity, Behavior. Implementation Experiences. Case studies.
- Cost-benefit analysis and its variationsRisks and Benefits in policy analysis. Cost-Benefit Rationale. Concept of Effectiveness. Utilities for Losses and Gaines. Perceived vs Real Risks. Substantive Values. Cost Benefit analysis examples in Reagan and Clinton Executive Orders. Environmental Policy and Risk-Benefit Analysis as Example: The Green Critique of Environmental Risk-Benefit Analysis. Situational Analysis. SWOT models.
- Comparative Method in Public Policy AnalysisBackground in comparative policy analysis. Methodological Issues (Most-similar and most-different, testing case studies). Causal case studies for comparative policy analysis. Evolutionary theory in comparative policy analysis. Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) and multi-value QCA (MVQCA), fuzzy sets and MSDO/MDSO.
- Governance Analysis FrameworkDefinition of Governance. Distinction from Government, Governmentality. Global Governance and ‘Modern’ Governance. GAF Matrix of analysis. Methodological steps. GSA Framework. Examples of research. Methodological issues in researching complex, poly-centric and multi-thematic governance systems.
- Evidence SynthesisDefinition of Evidence. Importance of well-informed policy-making. Types of Evidence Synthesis (Narrative Review, Scoping Review, Rapid Review, Umbrella Review, Meta-analysis).
- Project Management in Public PolicyDefinition of Project and Project Management in policymaking. Evolution in approach to PM (from technical endeavor to guide in organizational change. Analysis of Policy Cycle. Public Policy Analysis and Management (PPAM), Public value management (PVM), Benefits of project management and demands of public-sector governance. Discussion of PM and policy capacity.
- Interim assessment (4 module)0.6 * Final project + 0.1 * Participation + 0.2 * Practicum + 0.1 * Test
- Cairney, P. V. (DE-588)1048185621, (DE-627)779955072, (DE-576)401999203, aut. (2021). The Politics of Policy Analysis Paul Cairney.
- Hajer, M. A., & Wagenaar, H. (2003). Deliberative Policy Analysis : Understanding Governance in the Network Society. Cambridge University Press.
- Knoepfel, P., & Larrue, C. (2007). Public Policy Analysis. Policy Press.
- Weimer, D. L., & Vining, A. R. (2016). Policy Analysis : Concepts and Practice: Vol. Fifth edition. Routledge.