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Магистратура 2021/2022

Россия в глобальном мире: международные отношения и внешняя политика России

Статус: Курс обязательный (Политика. Экономика. Философия)
Направление: 41.04.04. Политология
Когда читается: 1-й курс, 2, 3 модуль
Формат изучения: без онлайн-курса
Охват аудитории: для всех кампусов НИУ ВШЭ
Преподаватели: Алексеенкова Елена Сергеевна
Прогр. обучения: Политика. Экономика. Философия
Язык: английский
Кредиты: 6

Course Syllabus


The course is intended to introduce international students to the Russian self-positioning in the global world and to provide understanding of the basis of Russia’s relations with other international actors. The course consists of three blocks. The first one analyses Russia’s primary foreign policy instruments. It will include an overview of institutional decision-making design, “hard” and “soft” power tools as they are perceived and used by Russian officials. The second block is designed as an overview of major driving forces and stages of the Russian foreign policy starting from the collapse of the USSR. The students will learn of Russia’s self-perception and self-positioning in the global multipolar world, as well as relations with other global actors and its participation the global governance institutions. Contemporary Russia’s identity in the context of relations with the West and the East will also be discussed in this block. The third block is focused on new global challenges and their influence on Russia’s self-perception and positioning in the world. The topics discussed will include: emerging technologies and their impact on international relations and Russia’s security; international migrations as a threat or developmental resource and its influence on human capital of modern Russia; economic vulnerabilities produced by growing protectionism, ex-territorial methods of economic pressure and trade wars, sanctions. The course will combine discourse analysis, constructivist, and neoinstitutional approaches.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • 1.- competence to understand and analyse major drivers and founding principles of post-Soviet foreign policy of Russia and its dynamics;
  • 2. - competence to analyse Russia’s self-perception and self-positioning in the global world and the respective regions;
  • 3. - develop skills to analyse and interpret key directions of Russia’s foreign policy and relations with other international actors.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Knowledge of basic tendencies in Russian migration flows, influence of demography and key principles of Russia's migration strategy
  • Knowledge of Russia's positions in the global enonomic relations system. Understanding of sanctions' and trade wars influence on Russia's economy.
  • Knowledge of Russia's priorities and interests in participating in OSCE, CSTO, UN Security Council, BRICS, G20. Understanding of Russia's view on the role of international multilateral organizations
  • Knowledge of the basis of relations between Russia and the “West”: main stages, key turning points and modern situation. Understanding of Russia's position on “Greater Europe” idea and origins of crisis between Russia’s and "collective West".
  • Knowledge of the main schools of foreign policy thinking in Post-Soviet Russia
  • Knowledge of the main sources of information on Russia’s foreign policy: official documents, web-sites, newspapers, media-resources. Skills to find the needed analytics on concrete topics. Skills to find academic articles on concrete issues.
  • Knowledge of the steps and different formats of integration on the post-soviet space; main institutional principles of Eurasian Economic Union; key goals and dymentions of integration. Understanding of Russia's goals and interests.
  • Understanding of main dichotomies of Russia’s identity. and challenges of post-soviet self-identification.
  • Understanding of the evolution of threat percentions, challenges and opportunities in Russia's foreing policy. Knowledge of the evolution of main foreign policy documents (foreign policy concepts, military docrines, etc.)
  • Understanding of the main drivers of Russia's "pivot to the east", Russia's interests and constrains. Knowledge of the key partnership of Russia in Asia and it's political and economic results.
  • Understanding of the peruliarities of Russia's "soft power", knowledge of main "soft power" institutes and instruments
  • Understanding of the role of non-governmantal institutions in decision-making process. Knowledge of main influential NGOs and academic institutions involved in consulting for the government, production of foreign policy ideas and recommendations.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Studying Russia’s foreign policy: the main tools and sources of knowledge
    The main sources of information on Russia’s foreign policy: official documents, web-sites, newspapers, media-resources. Media-resources and web-site of the MFA. Analytics on foreign policy and it’s main producers. Scientific articles and publishing agencies. The role of universities in foreign policy analysis.
  • Non-governmental level: academic and expert community, NGOs
    Non-governmental level and non-governmental actors of foreign policy process. The role of academic community, think-tanks, NGOs, civil community. Main foreign policy fora. Second-track communication.
  • Post-soviet foreign policy schools and approaches in Russia
    Understanding of post-soviet legacy. Mapping the main IR schools, approaches and topics for research. “Westerners” and “Eurasianists”. The rise of derzhavniki. Realism. Geopolitics. Globalism. Does Russian postpositivism exist? Foreign policy consensus.
  • Continuity and discontinuity in Soviet and Post-Soviet Russia’s foreign policy
    The changes of institutional design of foreign policy decision-making with the collapse of USSR. The evolution of threat perceptions. Main drivers of post-soviet Russia’s foreign policy. Periodisation of post-soviet foreign policy. Main foreign policy documents (foreign policy concepts, military doctrines, national security strategies): from Eltsin to Putin-2 era.
  • Modern Russia’s foreign policy identity and self-positioning
    Historical roots of Russia’s identity discourse. Main dichotomies of Russia’s identity. Challenges of post-soviet self-identification. Universalism vs identity. Neo-conservatism as Russia’s national idea.
  • Euro-Atlantic vector of Russia’s foreign policy
    Relations between Russia and the “West”: main stages, key turning points and modern situation. “Greater Europe” idea. Origins of crisis: Russia’s view and Western view. Russia-EU relations after the Ukrainian crisis: selective engagement. Common neighbourhood. Politization of economy. Russia-NATO relations. Middle East and Central Asia in Russia-West relations. Common security in Europe – myth or reality? Approaches to global challenges and threats.
  • Eurasian vector of Russia’s foreign policy
    Russia’s post-soviet approaches to neighbours: interests, opportunities and constrains. Institutional decisions to support cooperation on post-soviet space. Custom Union and Eurasian Economic Union. “Greater Eurasia” idea. Possibility of cooperation between the EU and EAEU. Russia and China cooperation in Central Asia.
  • Russia’s pivot to the East: opportunities and constraints
    Asian vector of Russia’s foreign policy: interests and opportunities. Russia’s “pivot to the East”: main stages, key partners. “Belt and Road Initiative” and Russia’s stake at the project. Russia-China model of cooperation. Expectations and reality. Russia’s identity and “pivot to the East”.
  • Russia in multilateral cooperation organizations
    Fast developing countries and new emerging superpowers: the origins of G20 and BRICS. Russia’s interests in BRICS and G20. Multilateral security cooperation: SCO. Russia’s position on the UN security reform. Russia’s return to the Council of Europe. OSCE as the only platform for Russia-EU security cooperation?
  • International migrations: a threat or development resource for Russia?
    Current demographic trends in Russia. The influence of demography on the labor market. Migration – challenge or resource? The balance of immigration and emigration. The basic characteristics of the immigrants flow. The problem of correlation between the demand and supply of labor market in the context of migration. Russia’s migration strategy.
  • Russia’s soft power: challenges and reasons of limited success
    Russia’s interpretation of Joseph Nuy’s concept. The idea of “attractiveness”. Institutional approach to soft power. Russia’s soft power institutions. Does Russia has soft power strategy? Effectiveness of Russia’s soft power.
  • Russia’s integration into the global economy: sovereignty vs development dilemma
    Russia in the system of global economic relations. The understanding of economic interdependence by Russia’s ruling class. Sovereignty vs development dilemma. Economic interdependence in the era of sanctions and trade wars.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Essay
  • non-blocking presentations
  • non-blocking written
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (3 module)
    0.3 * Essay + 0.3 * presentations + 0.4 * written


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • A. A. Sergunin. (2014). Russian Soft Power: Origins, Institutions, Effectiveness. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.673C0B11
  • Bratersky, M., & Suzdaltsev, A. (2009). Central Asia: A Region of Economic Rivalry among Russia, China, the U.S., and the Eu. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.CC593A3A
  • Cygankov, A. P. . (DE-588)124065627, (DE-576)185330452. (2001). Pathways after empire : national identity and foreign economic policy in the post-Soviet world / Andrei P. Tsygankov. Lanham, Md. [u.a.]: Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.099815303
  • Florinskaya, Y. (Флоринская, Ю., & Mkrtchyan, N. (Мкртчян, Н. (2018). International Migration in Russia: A Qualified Component[Международная Миграция В России: Квалифицированная Составляющая]. Working Papers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.rnp.wpaper.021809
  • Gabuev, A. (2016). Friends with benefits? [Elektronische Ressource] : Russian-Chinese relations after the Ukraine crisis / Alexander Gabuev. Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.476547962
  • Gabuev, A. (DE-588)118491978X, (DE-627)1663805598. (2015). A “soft alliance”? Russia-China relations after the Ukraine crisis Alexander Gabuev. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.44305553X
  • Gulina, O. R. . V. (DE-588)1027838839, (DE-576)281515778, aut. (2017). Migration as a (geo)political challenge for Russia / Olga Gulina. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.496542648
  • Karaganov, S. (2018). The new Cold War and the emerging Greater Eurasia. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.8B2DA7B3
  • Laruelle, M. (DE-588)133464083, (DE-576)188853340. (2015). The “Russian world” [Elektronische Ressource] : Russia’s soft power and geopolitical imagination / Marlene Laruelle. Washington/D.C: Center on Global Interests. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.46822730X
  • Lebedeva, M. M. V. (DE-588)1051718589, (DE-627)786618302, (DE-576)407279407, aut. (2018). Russian studies of international relations from the Soviet past to the post-Cold-War present Marina Lebedeva ; with a foreword by Andrei P. Tsygankov. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.51570654X
  • M. V. Bratersky, & G. I. Kutyrev. (2019). Russia between Two Systems: Transit from The Atlantic World into the Eurasian- Pacific One. Контуры Глобальных Трансформаций: Политика, Экономика, Право, (1), 220. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-1-220-240
  • Malinova, O. (2019). Russian Identity and the “Pivot to the East”: An Analysis of Rhetorical References to the American and Chinese “Others” in Political Elite Discourse. Problems of Post-Communism, 66(4), 227–239. https://doi.org/10.1080/10758216.2018.1502613
  • Marchetti, R. (2017). Partnerships in International Policy-Making : Civil Society and Public Institutions in European and Global Affairs. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1341140
  • Maxim Bratersky. (2016). Isolationism versus Geopolitics: The Dual Role of the Eurasian Economic Union in Global Governance. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.4D1825FB
  • Mikhail Konarovsky. (2016). Russia and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization: Some Elements of Strategy. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.413E528E
  • Rjazancev, S. V. . V. (DE-588)130022640, (DE-576)297955861, aut. (2017). Migration from Central Asian countries to Russia and Kazakhstan in the context of integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union format / Sergey Ryazantsev, Igor Bogdanov, Valentina Dobrokhleb, Artyom Lukyanets. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.49340757X
  • Romanova, T. (2016). Sanctions and the Future of EU–Russian Economic Relations. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(4), 774. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2016.1159664
  • Routledge handbook of Russian foreign policy / edited by Andrei P. Tsygankov. (2018). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.49697310X
  • S. G. Luzyanin. (2018). Bound by One Belt. Контуры Глобальных Трансформаций: Политика, Экономика, Право, (6), 41. https://doi.org/10.23932/2542-0240-2016-9-6-41-59
  • Sergey Karaganov. (2018). The new Cold War and the emerging Greater Eurasia. Journal of Eurasian Studies, (2), 85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euras.2018.07.002
  • Sergunin, A. A. V. (DE-588)1051712122, (DE-576)329660616, aut. (2016). Explaining Russian foreign policy behavior : theory and practice / Alexander Sergunin. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.476742978
  • Timofeev, I. (DE-588)117290362X, (DE-576)514870222. (2015). Eurasia in Russian foreign policy [Elektronische Ressource] : interests, opportunities and constraints / Ivan Timofeev; Elena Alekseenkova. Paris: Ifri - Institut Français des Relations Internationales. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.468212647
  • Timofeev, I. V. (DE-588)117290362X, (DE-627)1041997604, (DE-576)514870222, aut. (2019). Sanctions against Russia 2018 review and forecast for 2019 Ivan Timofeev, Vladimir Morozov ; RIAC, Russian International Affairs Council. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1664561528
  • Trenin, D. V. . (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190. (2014). Russia’s breakout from the post-Cold War system [Elektronische Ressource] : the drivers of Putin’s course / Dmitri Trenin. Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.444960643
  • Trenin, D. V. . (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190. (2014). The Ukraine crisis and the resumption of great-power rivalry [Elektronische Ressource] / Dmitri Trenin. Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.425223302
  • Trenin, D. V. . (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190. (2015). From Greater Europe to Greater Asia? [Elektronische Ressource] : The Sino-Russian entente / Dmitri Trenin. Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.448993783
  • Trenin, D. V. . V. (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190, aut. (2016). Should we fear Russia? / Dmitri Trenin. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.478700369
  • Tsygankov, A. P. (2014). Contested Identity and Foreign Policy: Interpreting Russia’s International Choices. International Studies Perspectives, 15(1), 19–35. https://doi.org/10.1111/insp.12000
  • Tsygankov, A. P. (2018). Routledge Handbook of Russian Foreign Policy. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1735577
  • Tsygankov, A. P. (2019). Russia’s Foreign Policy : Change and Continuity in National Identity (Vol. Fifth edition). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2031489
  • Zagorskij, A. V. (2010). The Russian proposal for a treaty on European security : from the Medvedev initiative to the Corfu process / Andrei Zagorski. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.389860611
  • Zhang, X., Li, L., & Gabuev, A. (2016). Competition or Coordination? The Eurasian Economic Union and China’s, One Belt, One Road Initiative. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.A0E28AE9

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • A shared European home [Elektronische Ressource] : the European Union, Russia and the Eastern partnership / Elena Alekseenkova ... Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. (2016). Berlin. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.476544327
  • A. S. Maksimova. (2019). Migration of Highly Qualified Specialists from Russia: Methodology and Trends. Statistika i Èkonomika, (3), 34. https://doi.org/10.21686/2500-3925-2019-3-34-43
  • Andrei Tsygankov. (2006). If not by tanks, then by banks? The role of soft power in Putin’s foreign policy. Europe-Asia Studies, (7), 1079. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668130600926355
  • Entin, M. (2009). Can the European security dialogue return Russia the sense of ownership to the OSCE? / Mark Entin; Andrei Zagorski. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.389856495
  • Entin, M. L. (2006). The Council of Europe on building common spaces in relations between Russia and the CE / [M. L. Entin]. o.O: Europe 2020. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.389712396
  • ENTIN, M., & ENTINA, E. (2016). Russia’s role in promoting Great Eurasia geopolitical project. Rivista Di Studi Politici Internazionali, 83(3), 331–351. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=poh&AN=119243890
  • Gabuev, A. (DE-588)118491978X, (DE-627)1663805598. (2016). Post-Soviet states jostle for role in One Belt One Road Initiative by Alexander Gabuev. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.476552532
  • Ivan Timofeev, Yaroslav Lissovolik, & Liudmila Filippova. (2017). Russia’s Vision of the Belt and Road Initiative: From the Rivalry of the Great Powers to Forging a New Cooperation Model in Eurasia. China & World Economy, (5), 62. https://doi.org/10.1111/cwe.2017.25.issue-5
  • KARAGANOV, S. (2008). Going Forward to Asia? Russian Politics & Law, 46(6), 41–46. https://doi.org/10.2753/RUP1061-1940460604
  • Karaganov, S. (2010). Russia’s Choice. Survival (00396338), 52(1), 5–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/00396331003612422
  • Karaganov, S. A. (2016). Russian foreign policy finding new bearings [Elektronische Ressource] / Sergey Karaganov. Moscow: Russia in Global Affairs. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.476546028
  • Karaganov, S. A. V. (DE-588)1051718570, (DE-627)786618337, (DE-576)407279415, aut. (2019). “Unfortunately for all of us, the world did not go the ‘European way’” an interview with Sergey Karaganov Sergey Karaganov. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1665189339
  • Leonid Markovich Grigoryev, Pavlyushina Victoria Alexandrovna, Vlada Vladimirovna Brilliantova, & Nesipli Mavlit-Alievna Kulaeva. (2019). Models of Russian Economic Growth: Personal Consumption Trends. Prostranstvennaâ Èkonomika, (2), 150. https://doi.org/10.14530/se.2019.2.150-168
  • Malakhov, V. (Малахов, В., Letnyakov, D. (Летняков, Д., Simon, M. (Симон, М., & Motin, A. (Мотин, А. (2019). Russia in the system of global regulation of migration flows: opportunities for the development of international cooperation[Россия В Системе Глобального Регулирования Миграционных Потоков: Возможности Развития Международного Сотрудничества]. Working Papers. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.rnp.wpaper.041923
  • Melville, A. (2017). A Neoconservative Consensus in Russia? Russian Politics & Law, 55(4/5), 315–335. https://doi.org/10.1080/10611940.2017.1533271
  • Migration in rural areas of Russia: territorial differences. (2019). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.C9BC419A
  • Oznobiščev, S. K. (2009). Prospects for U.S.-Russian arms control and disarmament : a Russian perspective / by Sergey Oznobishchev. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.389867519
  • Romanova, T. (2016). Russian Challenge to the EU’s Normative Power: Change and Continuity. Europe-Asia Studies, 68(3), 371. https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2016.1155696
  • Romanova, T. A. . V. (DE-588)171924568, (DE-627)389876453, (DE-576)132676486, aut. (2019). Studying EU-Russian relations an overview in search for an epistemic community Tatiana Romanova. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1666078247
  • Russia-EU relations : the present situation and prospects / Centre for European Policy Studies. (2005). Brussels. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.389731757
  • S. Luzyanin. (n.d.). Russia and China in the Central Asia: competition or cooperation? Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsclk&AN=edsclk.https%3a%2f%2fcyberleninka.ru%2farticle%2fn%2frussia-and-china-in-the-central-asia-competition-or-cooperation
  • Sabit Bagirov, Leonid Grigoriev, Wojciech Paczynski, Vladimer Papava, Marcel Salikhov, & Michael Tokmazishvili. (2009). Energy Trade and Cooperation Between the EU and CIS Countries. CASE Network Reports. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.p.sec.cnrepo.0083
  • Sergei Karaganov, & Fyodor Lukyanov. (n.d.). Russia in the World of Force in the 21st Century. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsclk&AN=edsclk.https%3a%2f%2fcyberleninka.ru%2farticle%2fn%2frussia-in-the-world-of-force-in-the-21st-century
  • Sergey Aleksandrovich Karaganov. (2016). New Ideological Struggle? Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.A9D5A128
  • Sergey Oznobishchev. (n.d.). Prospects for U.S.-Russian Arms control and Disarmament: A Russian Perspective Strategic Insights, Volume VIII, Issue 4 (September 2009). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.9C917CCE
  • Tatiana Romanova. (2008). Russia and Europe in the Twenty‐First Century: An Uneasy Partnership – Edited by J. Gower and G. Timmins. Journal of Common Market Studies, (3), 727. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2008.00797_14.x
  • Tatiana V Karadje, & Dina V Tombu. (2019). Realities of the Migration Process in Russia: Quantitative “Pros” and Qualitative “Cons.” RUDN Journal of Political Science, (2), 175. https://doi.org/10.22363/2313-1438-2019-21-2-175-183
  • Towards a Euro-Atlantic and Eurasian security community : from vision to reality / Drafting Group: Wolfgang Zellner (co-ordinator) ... Center for OSCE Research (CORE) . (2012). Hamburg: Center for OSCE Research. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.401353397
  • Trenin, D. V. . (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190. (2011). Post-imperium : a Eurasian story / Dmitri Trenin. Washington, DC [u.a.]: Carnegie Endowment for Internat. Peace. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.353110175
  • Trenin, D. V. . (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190. (2014). A practical approach to EU-Russian relations / Dmitri Trenin. Moscow: Carnegie Moscow Center. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.41307370X
  • Trenin, D. V. . V. (DE-588)114738327, (DE-576)175880190, aut. (2018). Avoiding U.S.-Russia military escalation during the hybrid war / Dmitri Trenin ; Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.498065006
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