Федулова Елена Михайловна
Implementation of the Interests of ’Great Powers’ in the Conflicts in Kosovo and South Ossetia: Success and Failures
The paper examines whether Russian and American interests in the conflicts in South Ossetia and Kosovo, respectively, were achieved and why. To conduct the following research, the methods of onion analysis, case study and comparative analysis were applied. To reach the goal of the study, the interests of the two states were investigated, their policies in the conflicts were analysed, the achieved goals were evaluated and the reasons for failures and success were found out. The outcomes of the conflicts were generally positive for both Russia and the USA; however, not all their interests were implemented. The following factors that influenced goal achieving were called: integration of the interests in the conflicts with states’ Grand Strategies, way of presentation of states’ interests, communication with the world community through international organisations, support for the states’ policies inside a country, a clear plan of implementation, balance between “hard” and “soft power”, importance of the conflict resolution for the other states, influence of the other political issues, the states’ images on the world arena. For the United States the combination of those factors was more positive, which explains why its level of goal-achieving was higher.