Адуканова Надежда Анатольевна
The Wilderness Frontiers: Encounters of Tourism and Nature Protection at the Kronotsky Reserve (Kamchatka), 1985-1991
Прикладная и междисциплинарная история
This paper discusses the creation of the Kronotsky Reserve as significant place for the nature protection and tourism development in Kamchatka within 1985–1991. Despite the establishment of the Sable Reserve that existed in 1882 for the protection and examination of unique natural complexes of Kamchatka, the Kronotsky Reserve was officially established in 1934 for such similar purposes. Since 1985, the reserve is included into the International Network of Biosphere Reserves, and then in 1996 it became a part of the World Natural Heritage Site of UNESCO under the nomination "Volcanoes of Kamchatka.” The world-famous Kronotsky Reserve contains such natural phenomena such as the Valley of the Geysers, the Death Valley, the Caldera Uzon volcano and other unique ecosystems. Currently, the Kronotsky Reserve provides ecotourism as one of the significant dimensions for sustainable development intended to provide economic growth and to support environmental protection and conservation within its wilderness areas.