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Regular version of the site
Master 2018/2019

Introduction to Neuroimaging Techniques

Area of studies: Psychology
Delivered by: School of Psychology
When: 1 year, 4 module
Mode of studies: offline
Instructors: Mario Martinez-Saito, Anna Shestakova
Master’s programme: Cognitive Sciences and Technologies: From Neuron to Cognition
Language: English
ECTS credits: 3

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The “Introduction to Neuroimaging Techniques” course is one of the core introductory courses of the Programme that give and overview of the methodologies currently at place to study Cognition and Brain Function. Methods such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation (tACS), near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), and others provide us with new insights into the structure and function of the human brain along with more widely used electroencephalography (EEG). Recently, with the advent of superconductivity, a multichannel magnetoencephalography (MEG), the method that allow to record the activity of the same neural population as EEG does, came about and have been successfully applied for localizing sources in the brain. Nature and origin of electric, magnetic, NIRS, and blood-oxygen-level- dependent (BOLD) responses will be discussed throughout the course. The course is recommended for students of the Master’s program who are using or going to use the advanced neuroimaging methodologies in their experimental work.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Know contemporary neuroimaging methods to study brain activity non-invasively with a particular emphasis on fMRI, MEG, multichannel EEG, TMS, tDCS, tACS, and NIRS (OI).
  • Know basic principles and physics of the neuroimaging techniques.
  • Know biomedical applications of neuroimaging.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Students should be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including electroencephalography (EEG/MEG),
  • Students should be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including magnetoencephalography (EEG/MEG),
  • After completing the study of the “Neuroimaging Techniques” the student should: be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS),
  • After completing the study of the “Neuroimaging Techniques” the student should: be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including , transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) and direct current stimulation (tDCS)
  • After completing the study of the “Neuroimaging Techniques” the student should: be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and BOLD imaging in a broader sense.
  • After completing the study of the “Neuroimaging Techniques” the student should be aware of the main spectrum of the neuroimaging techniques to non-invasively study the human brain function, understand their basic physical principles, biology, and mathematical computations underlying implementation of each of the core methodologies including eye-tracking.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Essentials of electroencephalography, EEG
    Biophysics of EEG and basics of EEG signal analysis
  • Essentials of magnetoencephalography, MEG
    Biophysics of MEG and principles of MEG signal analysis
  • Essentials of transcranial magnetic stimulation, TMS
    Biophysics and engineering of TMS methodology, fundamental brain research and clinical applications. Brain-navigated TMS.
  • Essentials of transcranial electical current stimulation, TES
    Biophyisics of transcranial direct current stimulation, tDCS and transcanial alternating current stimulation, tACS. Fundamental research problems and clinical applications.
  • Essentials of functional magnetic resonance tomography (fMRI)
    Physics, biology, and engineering of fRMI. Principles of fMRI data analysis. SPM approach.
  • Essentials of eye-tracking imaging
    This topic is devoted to the indirect measure of brain activity which is eye-tracking. Basics engineering and biological principles of this methodology are considered here.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Midterm test 1
  • non-blocking Midterm test 2
  • non-blocking Seminar performance (participation)
  • non-blocking Final exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.3 * Final exam + 0.28 * Midterm test 1 + 0.28 * Midterm test 2 + 0.14 * Seminar performance (participation)
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Everling, S., Gilchrist, I. D., & Liversedge, S. P. (2011). The Oxford Handbook of Eye Movements. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=467510
  • Hari, R., & Puce, A. (2017). MEG-EEG Primer. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2097017
  • Pelletier, S. J., & Cicchetti, F. (2015). Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Action of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation: Evidence from In Vitro and In Vivo Models. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.879C4B68
  • Poldrack, R. A., Mumford, J. A., & Nichols, T. E. (2011). Handbook of Functional MRI Data Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=399310

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Roland, J. L., Hacker, C. D., Snyder, A. Z., Shimony, J. S., Zempel, J. M., Limbrick, D. D., … Leuthardt, E. C. (2019). A comparison of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging to invasive electrocortical stimulation for sensorimotor mapping in pediatric patients. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edssch&AN=edssch.oai%3aescholarship.org%2fark%3a%2f13030%2fqt73x6m834