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Regular version of the site
Bachelor 2018/2019


Area of studies: Business Informatics
When: 1 year, 1, 2 module
Mode of studies: Full time
Language: English
ECTS credits: 4

Course Syllabus


Modern and contemporary times are among the most intense periods of the world history. They are connected with the crisis and disintegration of the European traditional society, formation of new national states, collapse of the European and world empires, cultural revolutions and social transformations. The course program is focused on a comprehensive study of social and economic, political and cultural processes that marked a development of the Western society from the mid-19th centuries to the period of modernity, as well as the individual countries and regions history during that time. The idea of the course is to examine Russian history in the context of European history, taking into account the peculiarities of relations and intensity of cultural interaction between the regions. One of the key purposes of the course is to introduce students to the main political, cultural, social and economic processes that took place simultaneously in Russia and Europe, as well as to the basic theoretical approaches to their study. The course is also aimed at acquiring with the principles of primary and secondary sources analysis as a basic skill of any research work. Ultimately, the implicit task of the course is to develop critical thinking, to teach students to understand current events in Russia and in the world and critically evaluate them. The program is built on a problem-chronological principle that allows most effectively reflect the dialectics of the general and particular historical processes and phenomena. The course consists of lectures and seminars. Lectures are focused not only on key historical events and processes, but also on basic concepts and approaches to their study. The seminar sessions include a preliminary reading of primary and secondary sources and their subsequent discussion in-class. All materials are sent to students by e-mail one week before the seminars.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • to study Russian and European modern history
  • to get an initial idea of the main social, cultural, political and economic processes in Russian and European history of the 19th – 20th centuries
  • to demonstrate modern trends in historiography – from new imperial history to new cultural history
  • to introduce students the concepts of modernity as an object of socio-historical and cultural analysis
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Students will learn to analyze primary and secondary historical sources.
  • Students will understand the key concepts for analyzing historical processes and events on the basis of research literature.
  • Students will gain knowledge of key figures, dates, and concepts given in each topic.
  • Students develop the ability to present clear and coherent arguments about the material discussed in seminars.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Topic 1. Introduction to History: Sources, Methods, Historiography
    The main tasks and goals of history as an academic discipline; historical sources; primary and secondary sources; a place of history among other social sciences and the humanities; contemporary approaches of historical research.
  • Topic 2. Colonial World and New Empires
    Colonial division of the world, colonial empires, relations of the West and the East; the idea of an empire; colonial wars in the 19th century; slave trade; the place of Russia in the new colonial world.
  • Topic 3. Nationalism in Europe and Russia
    Ideas and ideologies in the first half of the 19th century, the idea of a nation, the idea of reform; liberalism, conservatism, socialism; the realization of ideas in the political and economic life of Europe in the first half of the 19th century; international relations in Europe in the first half of the 19th century; Napoleonic wars and national movements in Europe; the Revolutions of 1848 (the Spring of Nations); national policy in the Russian Empire in the 19th century.
  • Topic 4. ‘Long 19th Century’: a Social History, Modernization, Industrial Revolution and Growth of Empires
    The concept of the ‘long 19th century’; echelons of modernization; features of the state and social system, economic development in the ‘first echelon’ countries; modernization in the ‘second echelon’ countries; intellectual movements and political parties in Europe, nationalism; political and socio-economic development of European countries in the second half of the 19th and early 20th century, the Decembrist movement; social thought in Russia, Westernism and Slavophilism; France, Second Empire and Third Republic; Great Britain, Victorian and Edwardian England, liberals and conservatives, the expansion of the British Empire, the policy of ‘brilliant isolation’; the unification of Germany and Italy; the formation of Austria-Hungarian empire; expansion of the Russian Empire in the second half of the 19th century; The Ottoman Empire, the Young Turk Revolution; India, the National Indian Congress; the struggle for Africa, the Anglo-Boer Wars; the development of scientific thought and institutions in the second half of the 19th and early 20th century: the main scientific achievements, changes in the scientific picture of the world, the contribution of Russian science to world scientific thought; scientific and technological progress; education, the education system in Russia; a picture of the world and everyday life in the 19th century.
  • Topic 5. The World War I and the Collapse of Old Europe
    The system of international relations in the second half of the 19th century; the growing contradictions between the European empires and their colonial policy; a re-division of the world by imperialism; the formation of military alliances in Europe; the growth of international tension in the early 19th century; Russia in the system of international relations at the beginning of the 20th century, the Russo-Japanese War; on the way to the World War I; the goals of the major states and empires before the outbreak of the World War I; military operations in 1914-1918; the internal situation in the belligerent countries; the internal development of Russia during the World War I; the aftermath of the World War I and the post-war arrangement of the world; the fall of the dynasties: the collapse of the Old Order: 1905-1922.
  • Topic 6. Revolutions 1917-19: New Ideologies and Agents
    The February Revolution of 1917; from February to October, the Provisional Government, the activities of political parties in 1917, the Kornilov insurrection; the October Revolution and its consequences, the first measures taken by the Bolshevik government, the dispersal of the Constituent Assembly; the Constitution of the RSFSR, the causes and main stages of the Civil War; “White movement” in Russia; foreign intervention; “military communism”; the crisis of Soviet society and economy in the early 1920s, the controversial issues in the history of Russian revolutions and the Civil War; the Russian Revolution of 1917 in the context of European and world history; contradictions Versailles-Washington system and the problems of post-war development of the countries of the world; radical right and left movements in Europe; socio-economic and political development of the Western countries in the 1920s: new agents, new ideologies, new movements.
  • Topic 7. The World War II and its Aftermath. Post-war to Cold War
    Totalitarian regimes in Europe: Nazism in Germany, civil war and the establishment of the ultra-right regime in Spain, the Stalinist regime in the USSR; Stalinist modernization; Stalin’s repression in the memoirs of contemporaries and interpretation of historians; international relations in the 1930s; reasons for the World War II; the initial period of the war (1939-41), the role of the USSR in the first period of war; military operations on the East, North African, Pacific, Italian fronts in 1940-43, the “fundamental change” in the war, the occupation regime in Western Europe and the USSR, the guerrilla movement and the Resistance movement, the internal situation in the belligerents, the Soviet rear; culture and propaganda during the World War II; relations between allies during the World War II; the final stage of the World War II (1944-45), the aftermath of World War II; debatable questions of the history of the World War II; international relations in the second half of the 20th century, the causes and the beginning of the Cold War, the controversial issues of the history of the Cold War, local military conflicts in the second half of the 20th century, diplomacy during the Cold War; arms race, and space war.
  • Topic 8. European Decolonization
    Decolonization and the migration crisis in Europe; the independence of India, the “wind of change” over Africa, Commonwealth countries and Great Britain; Algerian War; the social, political and economical development of the Western countries, the “welfare state”, the “neo-conservative wave”; postwar development of the socialist countries in Europe; Warsaw Pact.
  • Topic 9. Cultural and Social Revolutions after 1958
    The development of science after the World War II (the main directions of scientific development, the scientific picture of the world, outstanding discoveries, projects and scientific schools, problems and challenges of modern science, the place of Soviet and Russian science in the world development of science); scientific and technological progress (transport, energy, cosmonautics, information technology, medical technology); changes in people’s daily lives (lifestyle, leisure, sport, cinema, popular and rock music, fashion, mass culture, urban environment, relations between people, ‘the long sixties’ and the cultural revolution in the 1960s and 1970s).
  • Topic 10. The Road to ’89 and the Collapse of the Soviet Union: Soviet Dissidence and Revolutions in Central and Eastern Europe
    The USSR during the Khrushchev Thaw, de-Stalinization, economic transformation, foreign policy in the 1960s and 1970s; the entry of Soviet troops into Budapest and Prague, the “Solidarnost” movement in Poland; dissident movement; the economy of the USSR in the last decades of the existence of the USSR, the crisis of the “directive economy”; Soviet society in the period of stagnation, power and society in the 1960s and 1980s; the restructuring and activation of national movements in the Soviet republics and the Warsaw Pact countries; the fall of the Berlin Wall; the collapse of the USSR; post-Soviet space: features and contradictions.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Seminars
  • non-blocking Test
  • non-blocking Written Exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.7 * Seminars + 0.3 * Written Exam


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Colls, R. (2004). Identity of England. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1203088
  • Davis, J. S. (2019). The Global 1980s : People, Power and Profit. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2093492
  • Doyle, M. (2018). The British Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 Volumes]. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1836219
  • Ėtkind, A. (2011). Internal Colonization : Russia’s Imperial Experience. Cambridge, UK: Polity. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=575122
  • Farndon, J., & Cornia, C. (2018). The Modern World : The Last Hundred Years. Minneapolis, MN: Hungry Tomato ®. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1615160
  • Fitzpatrick, S., & Geyer, M. (2009). Beyond Totalitarianism : Stalinism and Nazism Compared. New York, N.Y.: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=263477
  • Fletcher, R. (2018). Revisionism and Empire : Socialist Imperialism in Germany, 1897-1914 (Vol. First edition). London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1752864
  • Ganguly, L. (2007). Alexei Yurchak: Everything Was Forever, Until It Was No More: The Last Soviet Generation. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.951C3C60
  • Green, S. (2015). The European Identity : Historical and Cultural Realities We Cannot Deny. London: Haus Publishing. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1246197
  • Ihalainen, P. (2020). The First World War, the Russian Revolution and Varieties of Democracy in Northwest European Debates. Finland, Europe: Berghahn Books. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.9FB62BE2
  • Johnson, R. (2007). The British Empire : Pomp, Power and Postcolonialism. Penrith: Humanities-Ebooks. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=373368
  • Kaiser, R. J. (2017). The Geography of Nationalism in Russia and the USSR. [Place of publication not identified]: Princeton University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1472350
  • Kappeler, A. (2014). The Russian Empire : A Multi-ethnic History. Hoboken: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=837915
  • Khlevni︠u︡k, O. V., & Favorov, N. S. (2015). Stalin : New Biography of a Dictator. New Haven: Yale University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=986624
  • Lindemann, M. (2008). CHRISTOPHER CLARK. Iron Kingdom: The Rise and Downfall of Prussia, 1600-1947. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. 2006. Pp. xviii, 775. $35.00. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.A81280BD
  • Major, P. (2010). Behind the Berlin Wall : East Germany and the Frontiers of Power. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=302378
  • Martijn Lak. (2015). Jay Winter (red.), The Cambridge History of the First World War, vol 1-3. Tijdschrift Voor Sociale En Economische Geschiedenis, (4), 143. https://doi.org/10.18352/tseg.96
  • Martijn Lak. (2016). “Marcel Boldorf & Tetsuji Okazaki (eds), Economies under Occupation: The hegemony of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan in World War II. John Ferris & Evan Mawdsley (eds), The Cambridge History of the Second World War.” Tijdschrift Voor Sociale En Economische Geschiedenis, (2), 116. https://doi.org/10.18352/tseg.30
  • McClave, D. (1995). The Rise Of Russia And The Fall Of The Soviet Empire. Magill Book Reviews. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=f5h&AN=9503087160
  • Murphy, P. (2000). The Oxford History of the British Empire: Vol. III: The Nineteenth Century Andrew Porter The Oxford History of the British Empire: Vol. IV: The Twentieth Century Judith M. Brown and Wm. Roger Louis The Oxford History of the British Empire: Vol. V: Historiography Robin W. Winks. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.42E09F17
  • Palmadessa, A. L. (2019). Cold War: Global Impact and Lessons Learned. New York: Nova. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2156015
  • Petrov, V., & Quinn, R. (2017). Everyday Stalinism : Ordinary Life in Extraordinary Times: Soviet Russia in the 1930s (Vol. First edition). London: Macat Library. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1552176
  • Rapport, M. (2009). 1848, Year of Revolution. New York: Basic Books. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=258704
  • Roberts, P. M. (2018). The Cold War: Interpreting Conflict Through Primary Documents [2 Volumes]. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1942758
  • Segesser, D. M. (2014). Christopher Clark, ‘The Sleepwalkers. How Europe Went to War in 1914‘, London 2012. https://doi.org/10.1515/hzhz-2014-0291
  • Stanziani, A. (2013). Rezension: Maureen Perrie (Hg.): The Cambridge History of Russia. I, From Early Rus’ to 1689 (rezensiert von Alessandro Stanziani). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.5E41D341
  • Stanziani, A. (2013). Rezension: Ronald Grigory Suny (Hg.): The Cambridge History of Russia. III, The Twentieth Century (rezensiert von Alessandro Stanziani). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.E5362C4
  • The Cambridge history of the Cold War / ed. by Melvyn P. Leffler . (2010). Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.468196099
  • Torbakov, I. B., & Plokhy, S. (2018). After Empire : Nationalist Imagination and Symbolic Politics in Russia and Eurasia in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Century. Stuttgart: Ibidem Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1910127
  • Tortella, G. (2015). Ivan T. Berend, An Economic History of Nineteenth-Century Europe. Diversity and Industrialization, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013, 566 pp. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrac&AN=edsrac.290154
  • Trenton, R. (2016). The Russian Revolution : The Fall of the Tsars and the Rise of Communism (Vol. First edition). New York: Britannica Educational Publishing. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1031192
  • Uhler, W. C., & Pipes, R. (2018). Russia under the Bolshevik Regime. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.F1230F91
  • WARNER, G. (2016). The Cambridge history of the Second World War. International Affairs, 92(5), 1239–1247. https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12710
  • Westad, O. A. (2017). The Cold War : A World History (Vol. First edition). New York: Basic Books. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1512461

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • 50MINUTES.COM. (2016). The Cold War : The 45-Year Struggle Against Communism. Bruxelles: 50Minutes.com. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1251086
  • Black, J. (2015). The British Empire : A History and a Debate. Burlington, VT: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1056141
  • Dodd, P., & Colls, R. (2014). Englishness : Politics and Culture 1880-1920 (Vol. [Second edition]). London: Bloomsbury Academic. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=815545
  • Evans, R. J. (2005). The Third Reich in Power. New York: Penguin Books. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1124982
  • Featherstone, S. (2009). Englishness : Twentieth Century Popular Culture and the Forming of English Identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=268084
  • Fink, C. (2017). Cold War : An International History. Boulder, CO: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1451271
  • Forsberg, T. V. (DE-588)1057426903, (DE-627)795928734, (DE-576)413433900, aut. (2019). Russia and the European security order revisited from the congress of Vienna to the post-cold war Tuomas Forsberg. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.1662988672
  • FOX, A. (2019). Commemorating the First World War. New Zealand Journal of History, 53(1), 77–89. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=30h&AN=136246507
  • Grant, K. (2005). Exploration in the Age of Empire, 1750-1953. New York, NY: Facts On File. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=223192
  • Hartley, J. M., Keenan, P., & Lieven, D. C. B. (2015). Russia and the Napoleonic Wars. Houndills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1091120
  • Jarausch, K. H. (2017). The Cold War : Historiography, Memory, Representation. Berlin, GERMANY: De Gruyter Oldenbourg. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1466784
  • Levering, R. B. (2016). The Cold War : A Post-Cold War History (Vol. Third edition). Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1127819
  • Li, X. (2015). Comparative study of youth culture in the context of globalization : a content analysis of teenage magazines in Germany and China (1995 vs. 2005). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.303E2803
  • MacLeod,Christine. (2002). Inventing the Industrial Revolution. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.b.cup.cbooks.9780521893992
  • Martin, T. (DE-588)124672329, (DE-576)294440348. (2001). The affirmative action empire : nations and nationalism in the Soviet Union; 1923 - 1939 / Terry Martin. Ithaca [u.a.]: Cornell Univ. Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.09042428X
  • Nienass, B. (2013). Postnational Relations to the Past: A “European Ethics of Memory”? International Journal of Politics, Culture & Society, 26(1), 41–55. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10767-013-9137-8
  • Orlow, D. (2018). A History of Modern Germany : 1871 to Present (Vol. Eighth edition). New York: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1752800
  • Pollak, O. B. (1976). Max Savelle. Empires to Nations: Expansion in America, 1713-1824. (Europe and the World in the Age of Expansion, volume 5.) Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1974. Pp. xxi, 335. $11.50. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.841DD33C
  • War and the humanities the cultural impact of the First World War Frank Jacob, Jeffrey M. Shaw, Timothy Demy (Eds.). (2019). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.491644302