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Regular version of the site
Bachelor 2019/2020

Principles of Banking and Finance

Area of studies: Economics
When: 2 year, 1-4 module
Mode of studies: offline
Instructors: Кестнер Ирина Владимировна, Nina Azizova, Vincent Fardeau, Alina Myalo, Viktor Kimovich Shpringel, Трусов Денис Дмитриевич, Дойникова Ирина Владимировна, Трусов Денис Дмитриевич
Language: English
ECTS credits: 8
Contact hours: 116

Course Syllabus


“Principles of Banking and Finance” is an introductory two-semester course for second-year undergraduate students. The course is taught in English. It is part of the University of London curriculum. The approach of the course is analytical and emphasizes the link between microeconomics and banking and finance. The first part of the course is devoted to principles of finance. It covers the essentials of capital budgeting and securities valuation, as well as basic asset pricing theories and the efficient market hypothesis. The second part deals with principles of banking. It compares different banking systems and discusses the standard tools of risk management for financial institutions, the regulation of the banking system, and the role and rationale of financial intermediation in the economy. Course prerequisites Basic knowledge of micro/ macroeconomics and calculus/statistics, as taught in the first year at ICEF, is required. The course itself provides a basis (and thus serves as a prerequisite) for more advanced courses of in banking and finance such as Asset Pricing and Financial Markets, Corporate Finance, Investment Management, etc.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • -analyze the key concepts of modern theory of finance
  • - discuss the main theoretical and empirical drivers of financial and real asset valuation
  • - estimate the consequences of asymmetric information and transaction costs on banking
  • - highlight the main differences between financial systems, explain the role and origins of financial intermediaries, the methods used by banks to manage various types of risk, and the rationale for bank regulation
  • - discuss the main factors and developments of the 2007-2009 financial crisis
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • - Be able to discuss functions of financial systems & types of financial systems with real - life examples.
  • - Learn different types of financial markets & financial instruments (stocks vs. bonds);
  • Be able to understand financial literature on the basis of theoretical notions shown above.
  • - Be able to proceed with different project valuation techniques (NPV<, IRR< SPB, DPB) and understand key differences.
  • - Be able to perform valuation of bonds;
  • - Understand the concept of yield curve, spot & forward rates;
  • - Understand the concept of YTM
  • - Be able to understand the concept of mean - variance frontier, investors' choice with & without risk - free asset;
  • - Apply the two - fund separation theorem as a prerequisite for asset pricing theories.
  • - Be able to demonstrate the understanding of key differences between the CAPM & APT models;
  • - Be able to apply the models to piricng financial instruments.
  • - Be able to apply stock pricing formula for the resulting price calcualtion.
  • - Be able to use the concept of efficient markets including different forms of market efficiency and explanatory theories.
  • - Analize the current state of financial structure, including crisis events.
  • -Distinguish different types of financial intermediaries;
  • - Be able to demonstrate understanding of differences in functions, investment strategies
  • - Estimate the risks assosiated with the banking business;
  • - Be able to demonstrate the understanding of models used by banks to mitigate those tisks.
  • -Be able to distinguish pecularities of Basel I, Basel II and Basel III
  • - Distinguish between bank - and market - based financial systems, including historical background.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Introduction
    Course overview. Overview of the financial system
  • Financial Markets and Instruments
    Functions of the financial system. Types of financial intermediaries. Financial instruments (debt, equity, derivatives). Market structures (OTC vs centralized exchanges, primary vs secondary markets, etc.). Money and Capital Markets
  • Capital Budgeting and Valuation
    Fisher separation theorem. Methods of project's valuation. Cash Flows. Concepts of present value and opportunity cost of capital. NPV, IRR, Payback period.
  • Fixed Income
    Coupon and Discount Bonds. Annuities and Perpetuities. Valuation by absence of arbitrage. Yield Curve. Term Structure Theories. Corporate bonds.
  • Risk and return
    Mathematical characteristics of risk and return. Risk premia. Risk-return trade-off. The risk and return of the portfolio. Correlation of returns. Benefits of diversification. Systematic and nonsystematic risks. Mean-variance portfolio theory: Efficient Frontier, Capital Market Line, Tangent portfolio, Two-fund separation theorem.
  • Asset pricing theories
    CAPM and securities market line. Single- and multi-factor models. Factor-replicating portfolios. Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT). Theoretical and empirical validation of CAPM and APT.
  • Stock Valuation
    Valuation of Stocks: Fair Price. DCF Models. Gordon Growth Model.
  • Effective markets
    Weak, semi-strong, strong efficiency. Empirical tests of the weak-form: technical analysis, momentum and reversal, Seasonal effects. Empirical tests of the semi-strong form: performance of professional investors, event studies. Tests of the strong-form: Insider trading. Rational (frictionbased) vs behavioral explanations of anomalies.
  • Economic analysis of financial structure
    Why do financial intermediaries exist? Transaction costs. Asymmetric information: adverse selection and moral hazard, principal-agent problem. Maturity, size and risk transformation. Economy of scale and economy of scope. The ways to minimize principal-agent costs: collateral, guarantees, capital requirements, self-regulation, credit bureaus.
  • Financial intermediation
    Direct and indirect finance. Banks. S&L institutions. Co-operative banks. Mutual funds. Pension funds. Insurance companies. Term structure of liabilities. The problem of excess regulation. Disintermediation.
  • Bank management: retail, wholesale, investment banks
    Retail banking: current account and time deposits, micro-financing, consumer loans, mortgages, asset-backed securities, payment and credit cards. Wholesale banking: large-scale loans, trade financing, loan commitments, commercial and standby letters of credit, asset management, syndicated loans, arrangement and underwriting of corporate bonds. Investment banks: structure of transactions, risk sharing, syndicated loans, arrangement and underwriting of bonds.
  • Risk management and internal control in banks
    Asset-side and liability-side liquidity risks. Liquidity gaps. Liquidity management and the role of reserves. Asset-liability management. Purchase of funds. Treasury. Interest rate margin. Interest rate risk. Fixed- and floating-rate assets and liabilities. Interest rate gaps. Credit risk. Types of credit risk (industrial, regional and country risks). Diversication of loan portfolio. Currency risk. Long and short open positions. Capital adequacy. Economic capital.
  • Banking regulation
    Banking supervision and inspection (on-sight and off-sight regulation). Capital adequacy ratio. The Basel accords on risk-based capital requirement (Basel I and Basel II). Liquidity ratios. Open currency positions. CAMEL. Disclosure requirements. Free banking. Government safety nets. Deposit insurance. Banking crises.
  • Financial Systems Compared
    Bank-based and market-based systems. Islamic banking. Emerging markets. Financial crises: banking, currency and debt crises. The peculiarities of the Russian banking systems.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking home assignments
  • non-blocking October mid-term test
  • non-blocking December exam
  • non-blocking class-work
  • blocking final exam (UoL or HSE)
    Internal: Экзамен проводится в письменной форме с использованием асинхронного прокторинга. Экзамен проводится на платформе https://hse.student.examus.net). К экзамену необходимо подключиться за 10 минут до начала. Проверку настроек компьютера необходимо провести заранее, чтобы в случае возникших проблем у вас было время для обращения в службу техподдержки и устранения неполадок. Компьютер студента должен удовлетворять требованиям: 1. Стационарный компьютер или ноутбук (мобильные устройства не поддерживаются); 2. Операционная система Windows (версии 7, 8, 8.1, 10) или Mac OS X Yosemite 10.10 и выше; 3. Интернет-браузер Google Chrome последней на момент сдачи экзамена версии (для проверки и обновления версии браузера используйте ссылку chrome://help/); 4. Наличие исправной и включенной веб-камеры (включая встроенные в ноутбуки); 5. Наличие исправного и включенного микрофона (включая встроенные в ноутбуки); 6. Наличие постоянного интернет-соединения со скоростью передачи данных от пользователя не ниже 1 Мбит/сек; 7. Ваш компьютер должен успешно проходить проверку. Проверка доступна только после авторизации. Для доступа к экзамену требуется документ удостоверяющий личность. Его в развернутом виде необходимо будет сфотографировать на камеру после входа на платформу «Экзамус». Также вы должны медленно и плавно продемонстрировать на камеру рабочее место и помещение, в котором Вы пишете экзамен, а также чистые листы для написания экзамена (с двух сторон). Это необходимо для получения чёткого изображения. Во время экзамена запрещается пользоваться любыми материалами (в бумажном / электронном виде), использовать телефон или любые другие устройства (любые функции), открывать на экране посторонние вкладки. В случае выявления факта неприемлемого поведения на экзамене (например, списывание) результат экзамена будет аннулирован, а к студенту будут применены предусмотренные нормативными документами меры дисциплинарного характера вплоть до исключения из НИУ ВШЭ. Если возникают ситуации, когда студент внезапно отключается по любым причинам (камера отключилась, компьютер выключился и др.) или отходит от своего рабочего места на какое-то время, или студент показал неожиданно высокий результат, или будут обнаружены подозрительные действия во время экзамена, будет просмотрена видеозапись выполнения экзамена этим студентом и при необходимости студент будет приглашен на онлайн-собеседование с преподавателем. Об этом студент будет проинформирован заранее в индивидуальном порядке. Во время выполнения задания, не завершайте Интернет-соединения и не отключайте камеры и микрофона. Во время экзамена ведется аудио- и видео-запись. Процедура пересдачи проводится в соотвествии с нормативными документами НИУ ВШЭ.
  • non-blocking March midterm
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    0.25 * October mid-term test + 0.1 * class-work + 0.5 * December exam + 0.15 * home assignments
  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.105 * October mid-term test + 0.125 * class-work + 0.145 * December exam + 0.5 * final exam (UoL or HSE) + 0.125 * home assignments


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Financial markets and institutions, Mishkin, F. S., 2018

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Fabozzi, F. J., & Markowitz, H. (2011). The Theory and Practice of Investment Management : Asset Allocation, Valuation, Portfolio Construction, and Strategies (Vol. 2nd ed). Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=364873
  • Financial institutions management : a risk management approach, Saunders, A., 2018
  • Principles of corporate finance, Brealey, R. A., 2008