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Master 2019/2020

Demographic Development and Migration in the Post-Soviet Space

Category 'Best Course for Career Development'
Category 'Best Course for Broadening Horizons and Diversity of Knowledge and Skills'
Category 'Best Course for New Knowledge and Skills'
Type: Elective course (Russian Studies)
Area of studies: Political Science
Delivered by: Department of Demography
When: 1 year, 3, 4 module
Mode of studies: offline
Instructors: Olga G. Isupova, Vladimir A. Kozlov, Valeriy Yumaguzin
Master’s programme: Российские исследования
Language: English
ECTS credits: 5
Contact hours: 60

Course Syllabus


This discipline is devoted to the brief history of the population and the description of the current demographic situation and processes (fertility, mortality, nuptiality) in Russia and the whole Post-Soviet territory. Also, the course includes not only description but the causal relation and explanations from different theories of the observed phenomenon. In the course, we will pay attention to the main social, economic and political consequences of the abovementioned processes for the certain territory of the former USSR (countries and regions within the countries) and even neighbour countries. The demographic and functional projections for the territories future development will be demonstrated to the students and discussed with them. The main parts included in the course will be devoted to the following topics. Development of Russia and its population within pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet time. Current population structures and the influence of historical events, social and economic policy on them as well as on the demographic behaviour of the whole territory inhabitants. Demographic transition in the Post-Soviet space, the main reasons for its realization and postponement. The trends of demographic behaviour in modern Russia and neighbour countries. Mortality in Russia in the context of other countries with higher and the same level of development. The Soviet mortality patterns. Mortality in post-Soviet countries (clustering and analysis). The role of healthcare and social policy and social factors in the Soviet and Russian mortality model. The prospective of the demographic and epidemiological transitions in the former Soviet-Union completed. Reproductive behaviour of Russians in the context of other countries. Fertility in post-Soviet countries (clustering and analysis). Matrimonial behaviour of Russians in the context of other countries. Population policies as the answers to challenges and the variety of the population policies at the post-Soviet territories (from family to security policy). Introduction to the main problems of the migration and integration studies, the existing literature and to the state of research on the topic; to introduce them to variations both in state approaches to the problems of migrants and ethnic minorities and their self-organisation; to give the students the basic methods for comparative analysis of migration, migration and integration policy. After the introduction to the main definitions and methods used in migration studies, several topics will be observed more in details. The migration flows from the historical prospectives within the Soviet Union. The situation within the post-Soviet space after the collapse of the USSR. Current trends in the migration flows on the territory: migration to Russia in the context of the other neighbored countries, the changing of migration attractiveness centres – the reasons and consequences. The role of Russia as the main migration centre of the former USSR and the stability of the Russian position. Internal migration within Russia, the main trends and gradients Migration policy within the Post-Soviet space: a history of the policy since 1990-s till now. The reaction of the population and political actors on the migrants, the migration policy agenda and the factors influencing it. The integration of migrants – a long way to the finding of the optimal solution. Demographic projections and prospective development of the Post-Soviet territories.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • The course is devoted to the role of demography in the current and historical Russian development and the relations between demographic and social-economic processes. The aim of the course is to give the student the main ideas of demographic processes in Russia using the methods of data collection, and data analysis, and the interpretation of the demographic results as well as their intake in the decision-making process.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • The students will understand the nature of demographic processes in Russia and their principles, as well as the reasons for the demographic structures and their consequences.
  • The students will be able to interpret demographic factors and measures, estimate the demographic situation in Russia and the Post-Soviet region, explain the dynamics of the population (quantity and structures).
  • The students will get the skills of interpretation and projection of the basic demographic processes in Russia.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • General description of the Russian and Post-Soviet demographic situation.
    Russian and Post-Soviet population descriptive analysis. Basic demographic methods. Demographic structures (different). 1st Demographic transition
  • Fertility and nuptiality
    Fertility. Nuptiality and family structures. 2nd Demographic transition. Family policy in different Post-Soviet countries.
  • Mortality and morbidity
    Health (including reproductive). Mortality patterns. Epidemiological transition on Post-Soviet space.
  • Migration
    External migrants. Internal Post-Soviet migration. Russian internal migration.
  • Demographic projections
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Project 1
  • non-blocking Homework (2)
  • non-blocking Active participation
  • non-blocking Final project
    не является экзаменом
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.4 * Active participation + 0.25 * Final project + 0.2 * Homework (2) + 0.15 * Project 1


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Breaking Out of Poverty Traps:Internal Migration and Interregional Convergence in Russia. (2015). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.94E79041
  • Carmichael, G. (2016). Fundamentals of Demographic Analysis: Concepts, Measures and Methods. Australia, Australia/Oceania: Springer International Publishing AG. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.9FB5C81C
  • Schoen, R. (2016). Dynamic Demographic Analysis (Vol. 1st ed. 2016). Cham: Springer. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1201703
  • Sergei Zakharov. (2008). Russian Federation: From the first to second demographic transition. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.AF318F73
  • T. G. Nefedova, I. L. Slepukhina, & I. Brade. (2016). Migration attractiveness of cities in the post-Soviet space: A case study of Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus. Regional Research of Russia, (2), 131. https://doi.org/10.1134/S2079970516020088
  • Timonin, S., Danilova, I., Andreev, E., & Shkolnikov, V. M. (2017). Recent Mortality Trend Reversal in Russia: Are Regions Following the Same Tempo? Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.DE3683C3

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Azarova, A., Irdam, D., Gugushvili, A., Fazekas, M., Scheiring, G., Horvat, P., … King, L. (2017). The effect of rapid privatisation on mortality in mono-industrial towns in post-Soviet Russia: a retrospective cohort study. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.38DFEF6C
  • Duthé, G., Guillot, M., Meslé, F., Vallin, J., Badurashvili, I., Denisenko, M., … Torgasheva, L. (2017). Adult mortality patterns in the former Soviet Union’s southern tier: Armenia and Georgia in comparative perspective. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.4CD987D3
  • Evgeny Yakovlev. (2018). Demand for Alcohol Consumption in Russia and Its Implication for Mortality. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, (1), 106. https://doi.org/10.1257/app.20130170
  • Fertility and family policies in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990. (2017). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.1734490B
  • Shkolnikov, V. M., Cornia, G. A., Leon, D. A., & Mesle, F. (1998). Causes of the Russian mortality crisis: Evidence and interpretations. World Development, (11), 1995. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.a.eee.wdevel.v26y1998i11p1995.2011
  • The demographic revolution is changing the reproductive strategy of Homo sapiens. (2015). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.E7A2CC8D
  • Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Evgeny M. Andreev, Martin McKee, & David A. Leon. (2013). Components and possible determinants of decrease in Russian mortality in 2004-2010. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.C4D73958