Public and Private Spheres Dynamics in the Process of Urbanization/De-urbanization
- As a result, students should: Know: - seminal texts in urban-studies - basic concepts and principles of urban-studies and main areas of research on which this discipline focuses. Be able to: - construct productive research questions using approaches of urban-studies - apply the concepts of urban-studies mainstreaming to their research designs in comparative social research - to distinguish, collect and apply various social data to urban- issues - to criticize urban-studies. Have: - the skill to criticize and evaluate the quality of outcome of different forms of urbanstudies - the skill to meaningfully construct urban- research questions - the skill to model research in the field of urban-studies.
- знать основные принципы и понятия общей социологии, ключевые теоретические подходы к изучению общества и его подсистем
- уметь анализировать события и факты с позиций социологии
- уметь применять разнообразные аналитические инструменты, используемые в современных экономико-социологических исследованиях
- знать основные подходы к изучению хозяйства и общества, выработанные в экономической социологии
- усовершенствовать навыки публичных выступлений и работы в группе
- SESSION ONE: Globalization and the City.Human, City, Community, World: Varieties of Settlement Organization We will discuss the basic idea of globalization as reflected in urban living and urban everyday life, and what kinds of different systems, processes, domains, and levels of organizations are involved in its organization. We will search for inspiration in the work of Walter Benjamin, Guy Debord, and Georges Perec, who famously recorded their wanderings and perceptions of cities of their time and place.
- SESSION TWO: Person-Environment Transactions and the Nested Ecology of Urban Living.This class is dedicated to basic concepts and models that we will use in our study of the city. In particular, we will explore what is known as ‘transactional’ approach in person-environment-behavior research, and discuss Urie Bronfenbrenner’s nested ecological model of human development.
- SESSION THREE: Perceiving, Remembering, and Going About the CityWhat does it mean to perceive environment? How do we receive, process, organize, and make sense of environmental information and stimuli? Is our role that of passive receivers or active explorers of environment? How do we plan our actions in, and find our way about, the city? We will discuss the basics of cognitive information processing, storage, and retrieval, the active nature of our perception, and the troubles of remembering where things are and how to get to them.
- SESSION FOUR: City Plan: Concentric Circles, Grids, Complex Patterns (and Rivers and Mountains Too)How is the city organized physically? What are the basic elements that comprise ‘urban environment’? How are they connected between or separated from each other? We will discuss some of the basic ideas and models of urban planning, including the Burgess concentric circles model from the Chicago School, the idea of modernity in urban planning, and the purported collapse of this idea in late twentieth century. We will also discuss the different actors and factors that influence the city plan on various levels, and the ways in which human everyday life ultimately is embedded in this physical structure.
- SESSION FIVE: Orders of Public Interaction.What does it mean to be ‘in the public’? How does one interact with others in public space? We will discuss the basic tension between public and private behavior, and attempt to unfold it into a complex dimension with multiple degrees and possible regimes of ‘public-ness’. We will draw on the work of symbolic interactionists and on the focus theory of normative conduct to explore the ways in which complex social behaviors in public settings are ordered, and how individuals navigate these situations.
- SESSION SIX: Culture, Community, and Class: Courtyard, Neighborhood, DistrictWhat are the larger social units into which humans self-organize in their settlements? Who are the ‘Muscovites’ and how can we know one when we see one? Can we infer the social and spatial structuring of the city just by looking at the physical environment? How do different people culturally mark the city? We will discuss the social and cultural structure of the city, particularly focusing on the culturally and historically specific phenomena of ‘courtyard’ and of ‘creative class’ as potentially discernible in the environment of Moscow. We will explore the notions of identity and belonging, the ways in which they are anchored in urban environment. Our methodological anchor will be Jerry Krase’s idea of ‘vernacular landscape’ and his visual sociological approach to it.
- SESSION SEVEN: Globalization, Mobility, and Splintering UrbanismWhat are the consequences of globalization for urban environment and urban living? How does the increased mobility (of humans, of commodities, of signs, of information, of corporations) change the constitution of urbanism? What attracts people to Moscow and what makes them move on (or out)? We will discuss the idea of ‘global city’ and the push and pull factors that influence urban populations. We will also explore the changing practices of consumption, and the ways in which these are reflected in the environment.
- SESSION EIGHT: Urban Futures: Concentration or De-UrbanizationWhat is the future of urban living? Are people going to continue to flock to highly urbanized and highly concentrated urban agglomerations? What are the ecological repercussions of concentration and de-concentration? Does ‘downshifting’ have potential to become a mass social process? We will discuss the potential future of urban everyday life in light of ecological, cultural, economic, and psychological challenges for urbanism as a way of life. We will also try and pull the different strings together, and to gather a general sense of what we can understand through the lens of person-environment-behavior transactions when these are mobilized at different levels of organization.
- SESSION NINE: Phenomena of panic and disorder in psychology and sociologywhere to look to find out how they are possible? The social significance of panic in contemporary society: theory and applications. Panic and disorder in the society. How we identify both phenomena in an everyday life experience? The difference between psychological and sociological approach. An observer of the city: how to make and structure your observations of panic and disorder in urban life in habitual settings.
- SESSION TEN: What do we mean by society? What is Risk Society?Social structure and culture. Persona and collective life. How is individual related to social structures through culture—personal and collective? The specific of contemporary social life. Globalization and it influence on human communication. Conceptualizing contemporary social life in terms: ‘informational society’/’postmodern society’/’globalized society’/’consumption society’/etc. What social changes relevant to phenomena of panic can we reliably identify? ‘Risk society’ theory and its foundation. U.Beck, A.Giddence, N.Luman about “risk society”.
- Weekly readingsThe course attendees are expected to complete the weekly readings ahead of the class sessions.
- Final test
- Interim assessment (2 module)Grading Four position papers make up 30% of the final grade – 7.5 percentage point per paper. 5 Class presentation makes up 10% of the final grade and is optional. Activity and participation in class work constitutes 20% of the grade. The oral exam makes up 40%. If the final grade is non-integer, it is rounded according to algebraic rules. If has a half (.5) at the end, we are rounding upward.
- Sociology : a global introduction, Macionis J. J., Plummer K., 2005
- Introductory sociology, Bilton T., Bonnett K., 2002
- Sociology : a global introduction, Macionis J. J., Plummer K., 2008
- Sociology : a global introduction, Macionis J. J., Plummer K., 2012
- Sociology, Giddens, A., Sutton, P. W., 2017