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Regular version of the site
Bachelor 2019/2020

Social History of Early Modern, Modern and Contemporary Europe

Type: Elective course (History)
Area of studies: History
Delivered by: Department of History
When: 3 year, 3, 4 module
Mode of studies: offline
Language: English
ECTS credits: 5

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The study of this discipline is based on the following disciplines: Foreign (English) language, social anthropology, source studies and information resources of history, theory and history of historical knowledge, Europe of the V-XVII centuries, history of the Russian state, global and comparative history, research seminar, history of science and technology. To master the discipline, students must possess the following knowledge and competencies: students must have an understanding of the main events and processes of national and world history in modern and modern times, the history of the formation of historical science as a special field of knowledge, its research methods; Russian Russian students should also be able to work with scientific and reference literature in Russian and English, have basic skills of analyzing scientific historical literature, as well as logical and consistent presentation of the studied literature in oral and written form in Russian.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • The goals of the discipline "Social History of Early Modern, Modern and Contemporary Europe" are: to familiarize students with the main problems of the social history of Europe in modern and contemporary times, the basic concepts used in domestic and foreign social history. The course is also aimed at developing students' skills to analyze special historical and historical-sociological literature, compose written reviews (abstracts), conduct scientific discussion and publicly present research results.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • The student listens to lectures and independently reads literature in English, identifies and evaluates the conceptual apparatus and problems of historical and scientific research, highlights the main theses of the read literature and summarizes the material read, is able to critically assess the persuasiveness of the arguments presented and make a comparison between the approaches of different authors
  • The student listens to lectures and independently reads literature in English, identifies and evaluates the conceptual apparatus and problems of historical and scientific research, highlights the main theses of the read literature and summarizes the material read, is able to critically assess the persuasiveness of the arguments presented and make a comparison between the approaches of different authors.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Human life and the environment in early modern Europe.
    Climate fluctuations and sources for climate history. Fertility and mortality in Europe in the 16th-18th centuries "Little Ice Age" of the 17th century: wars, famines and epidemics. Infectious diseases in early modern Europe and anti-epidemic measures. The Hungry Years and Historians' Discussions about Their Impact on Mortality. Calorie content, diet and regional nutritional characteristics. Introduction of new crops and new food products.
  • Family, woman and child in early modern Europe.
    Age of marriage and the proportion of the population that is married, the likelihood of widowhood, the possibility of divorce. Family typology in different regions of Europe. Childbirth and motherhood. Child mortality and attempts to control fertility. The transition from childhood to adulthood. The position of women: economic role, property status and legal status. Women in the cultural life of early modern Europe. Emotional life in early modern times: letters and diaries, philosophical treatises and literature. Privatization of family life.
  • Village and city, economy and technology in Europe in the 16-18th centuries.
    The consequences of demographic growth at the end of the 15th-16th centuries for the European economy in the early modern period. New technologies and energy sources. Colonial trade and the "price revolution". Early modern states and the politics of mercantilism. Agriculture in Europe in the early modern era: forms of land tenure and peasant obligations. The state of agriculture, productivity, land management and commercial production of agricultural products. Rural community, institutions of power at the local level and processes of social differentiation in the countryside. Serfdom in Eastern Europe and its relationship with the development of capitalism. Dispersed manufactory. Money circulation and credit in the early modern times. The largest banking houses in early modern Europe. Historians and the concept of the "agricultural revolution" in Europe, 1750-1850: the elimination of communal land tenure, grassland and vegetable growing, new crop rotation systems. The emergence of surplus labor in the agricultural sector and financial resources to increase demand for industrial products. Criticism of this model in the latest historiography. "Consumer revolution" of the 18th century.
  • Social structures of the early modern period.
    Medieval ideas about the social structure of society: three estates. Estate as a legal category. The peasantry and the rural community. Nobility in early modern Europe: lifestyle, legal status, identity. Relationship of clientele and patronage. Nobility and armed violence, nobility and standing armies of the early modern era. The economic situation of the nobility. Nobility and entrepreneurship. Noble land tenure and commodity-money relations. Nobility and royal court of the era of absolutism. European city of the early modern period: municipal government, organization of urban space, guild organization of production and social life, social differentiation in the city. Sources of income, lifestyle and identity of urban elites. The reasons for the weakness of the urban elites in southern, central and eastern Europe. Craftsmen and the urban poor. Nobility and Urban Elites in the Political Life of Early Modern Europe.
  • Religion and Intellectual Life in Early Modern Europe.
    Ecclesiastical institutions inherited from the Middle Ages. Church Religion and Non-Church Beliefs in Early Modern Europe. Witchcraft and trials of witches. Reformation, counter-reformation and "confessionalization" of the population of Europe XVI-XVII centuries. Situation of the Gentiles. Typography, the formation of literary languages, literacy in early modern Europe. Universities of Medieval Europe and Their Fate in Early Modern Times. Social organization of science in early modern times: "republic of scientists", the emergence of scientific societies and academies. Salons and newspapers of the Enlightenment. The Age of Enlightenment and the secularization of society.
  • Industrial revolution and urbanization of Europe at the end of the 18th-19th centuries.
    Historians and the concept of the "industrial revolution". Technological changes and changes in the organization of production and marketing in certain regions of Europe in the second half of the 18th - first decades of the 19th century. Ways to overcome relative backwardness in other regions of Europe: banks and the state. New modes of transport and communication and their impact on social processes in Europe. Unevenness of industrialization: the preservation of traditional technologies and social relations in production, regional differences. The growth of consumer demand in the 19th century, estimates of real wages and purchasing power of various social categories. Urbanization and population mobility in Europe in the 19th century. Division of labor and leisure, industrial and domestic spheres.
  • New and old social groups in the city and countryside of the 19th century: the nobility, the peasantry, the bourgeoisie, the working class, the transformation of traditional crafts
    Distribution of population between town and country in Europe in the 19th century. The disappearance of the remnants of personal dependence in the countryside. Disappearance of personal forms of dependence in Europe in the 18th – 19th centuries. and the driving forces behind this process. Protoindustrialization and rural crafts. Struggle for political dominance in the countryside and new forms of mass politics. The bourgeoisie / middle classes in 19th century Europe: numerical growth, social stratification, self-awareness of various groups, participation in public life, new forms of cultural consumption. Factory production, new labor discipline and the formation of the working class. Working conditions. Gender division of labor. Child labor in production. Labor movement, bourgeois philanthropy and state regulation of labor in industry. The disappearance of traditional crafts and craft guild organization. The link between the traditional culture of the shop-floor corporation and the early labor movement. Domestic Servant in 19th Century Europe
  • Demographic history of Europe in the 19th century, social history of the family. Changes in attitude towards the child. The position of women and the "women's question" in Europe in the 19th century.
    The main demographic indicators of the population of Europe in the 19th century The theory of "demographic transition" and modern literature on historical demography: a variety of ways of "demographic transition"? Attitudes towards family and marriage in bourgeois society, ideas about the biological nature of men and women and sex education. Normative literature, sexuality in literature and art, and sex life demographics. The "women's question" and the emancipation of women: the legal status of women, participation of women in social movements, the struggle for access to higher education and professional activity, for the civil rights of women.
  • Culture, religion and education in Europe in the 19th century
    School in Europe in the 19th century: the introduction of mass, organized, group education. Nationalism, industrialization, urbanization, the growth of book production and the need for a mass school. Secondary and higher school and social reproduction of the middle class. Commercialization and Sacralization of European Culture in the 19th Century Religious Revival of the 19th Century: Manifestations and Causes. Religion and national identity. New forms of religious life: religious societies and press, church schools. The feminization of religious life and the relationship between religion and new gender ideologies.
  • Population of Europe in the 20th century, demographic indicators, family and household
    The main demographic indicators of the population of Europe and their dynamics in the 20th century. Theories explaining changes in fertility, mortality and marriage rates. Migration processes. Demographic changes in the last decades of the twentieth century. and the emergence of the "second demographic transition" theory. Family and household structure: general trends and regional characteristics. The final loss by the family of its production functions and the spread of single-person households. Mass entry of women into the labor market and its impact on family relations. State support for mothers and children. Legislative changes in the rights of spouses in relation to the child and juvenile justice: chronology and regional differences. Divorce and non-traditional forms of family relations in Europe in the second half of the 20th century: statistics, legislative changes and public attitudes, causes and effects. The main trends of the 20th - early 21st centuries: standardization of the life cycle in the 1950s-1960s and pluralization of the last decades.
  • Social stratification and social mobility in 20th century Europe.
    Differences in the incomes of the rich and the poor in different countries of Europe in the 20th century. Reasons for narrowing the gap between rich and poor in 20th century Europe New trends of the last two decades of the 20th century: increasing property differentiation in Europe. Social stratification and employment structure: elite, middle class, working class, white and blue collars. The transition to a post-industrial society, industrial restructuring in the last third of the 20th century. and transformation of social groups
  • The welfare state in Europe in the 20th century
    Welfare state: the history of the concept and definition. The difference between social programs of the late 19th - early 20th centuries. from earlier forms of charity and mutual assistance. The historical sequence of the emergence of social programs in Europe and the reasons explaining this sequence. Forms of state participation and regional differences in Europe. Formation of the welfare state in post-war Europe and the diversification of social security programs. Features of social security in the socialist countries. Typologies of social security systems (G. Esping-Andersen and his critics). Convergence of social security systems in Europe by the 1980s and its reasons.
  • Labor, leisure and consumption in Europe in the 20th century
    Changes in the organization, nature and social significance of labor, in social relations in production in the 20th century. The growing separation of the manufacturing and domestic spheres. Mass entry of women into the labor market and regional differences in this process in Europe. The history of the trade union movement in the 20th century. Working hours in Europe in the 20th century, the appearance of paid holidays and vacations. New forms of labor relations that have emerged in recent decades. Changes in the standard of living, the scale and structure of consumption, regional differences. Changes in the quality of life by the end of the 20th century, consumer society and its criticism, environmental and social consequences of economic growth.
  • Education, religion and culture in Europe in the 20th century
    Educational systems and social mobility of the European population in the 20th century Education and social inequality. Religion, Church and Society in 20th Century Europe: Regional Differences, Dynamics of Secularization and Its Causes.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Participation in seminars
  • non-blocking Leadership at a seminar
  • non-blocking Lecture notes and seminars
  • non-blocking Written test 1
  • non-blocking Written test 2
  • non-blocking Written test 3
  • non-blocking Exam
    The exam is conducted orally (a survey based on the course materials). The exam is held on the zoom platform (https://zoom.us/). It is necessary to connect to the exam according to the schedule of answers sent by the teacher to the corporate mails of students on the eve of the exam. The student's computer must meet the requirements: the presence of a working camera and a microphone. To participate in the exam, the student must: put his photo on his avatar, appear for the exam according to the exact schedule, turn on the camera and microphone when answering. During the exam, students are prohibited from: turning off the camera, using notes and tips. A short-term communication interruption during the exam is considered to be a communication interruption of less than a minute. A long-term interruption of communication during the exam is considered to be a violation of a minute or more. If there is a long-term communication failure, the student cannot continue to participate in the exam. The retake procedure involves the use of complicated tasks.
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.4 * Exam + 0.12 * Leadership at a seminar + 0.12 * Lecture notes and seminars + 0.18 * Participation in seminars + 0.06 * Written test 1 + 0.06 * Written test 2 + 0.06 * Written test 3
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Cameron, E. (1999). Early Modern Europe : An Oxford History. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=364431
  • Cameron, E. (2006). The Sixteenth Century. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=211597
  • Daunton, M. (2007). Wealth and Welfare: An Economic and Social History of Britain 1851-1951. Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsrep&AN=edsrep.b.oxp.obooks.9780198732099
  • Jerram, L. (2011). Streetlife : The Untold History of Europe’s Twentieth Century. Oxford: OUP Oxford. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=503674
  • Kamen, H. (2000). Early Modern European Society. New York: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=136611
  • Magraw, R. (2014). France, 1800-1914 : A Social History. London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=816890
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.10: Возрождение и реформация Европы, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.12: Начало колониальных империй, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.13: Европа в период английской революции, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.14: Период английского завоевания, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.15: Эпоха просвещения, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.16: Европа под влиянием Франции, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.18: Канун I мировой войны, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.19: Первая мировая война, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.20: Итоги I мировой войны, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.21: Мир в период создания СССР, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.22: Канун II мировой войны, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.23: Вторая мировая война, ,
  • Всемирная история: В 24 т.. Т.24: Итоги II мировой войны, ,

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Всемирная история : Учебник для вузов, Поляк, Г.Б., 1999