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Regular version of the site
Bachelor 2020/2021

Media and international relations

Area of studies: Public Policy and Social Sciences
When: 2 year, 3 module
Mode of studies: offline
Open to: students of one campus
Instructors: Ilya Kiriya
Language: English
ECTS credits: 4

Course Syllabus

Abstract

The course Media and international relations is oriented toward students in international relations and is focused on providing general knowledge and understanding of current media system and particularly its role within international relations, foreign policy etc.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To form the general understanding of media system and the role of different media professions within it;
  • To form the theoretical understanding of the main approaches and theories about the media and policy (including the foreign policy).
  • To form the general understanding of the international journalism and global media as a soft power.
  • To provide practical and methodological skills to analyze global media outlets and their strategies in field of so called “hybrid wars”
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Orient within main fields of media professions
  • Understand professional division of labor in media and their role in the society
  • Understand professional division of labor in journalism and role of journalists in the society
  • To be able to analyze media coverage and media outlets
  • Understand the place of media within international relations
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Media system and journalism in the society
    Mediating and communicating functions in the society, their roles. The structure of media sys- tem: communicators, channels, gatekeepers and audiences. Different professions within media system and the place of the journalism among them. Functions of the journalism in the society. Normative theories of the journalism. Journalism as social responsibility profession. Media business and media firms, their functions. Models for commercial media. Dual model of the European media. Journalistic content within other kind of media content.
  • Journalism as profession
    Newsroom as a journalistic production unit. Functions inside the newsroom: editors and journalists, their relationship. Journalism as creativity and journalism as a production. Evolution of the division of labour inside the newsrooms. News as a main content of journalists. Main principles of news production: newness, relevance, public importance and interest, few point of views, fact checking. System of journalistic genres. Information genres, analysis genres and publicist genres. Production chain in print media. Production chain in audiovisual production. Production chain in online media and agencies. Role of the journalists inside them.
  • Interrelations of journalism and political sphere
    Political parallelism of news outlets and its evolution. Journalism and political parties. Journalism and political propaganda model. Journalism and political technologies role. Journalism in different political regimes and orders. Journalism in oligarchic orders and journalism in polyarchic orders. Critique of the perfect democratic model. Two different views on the role of political reporting. The “decision based model of needs” and the “entertainment based model of needs”. Political market model against “manipulative model”. Public sphere model of Haberms and its critique. Public opinion theories. Model of Lippman.
  • History of political journalism in the societies
    First systems of mass communications in Greek polis and ancient world. Journalistic functions before the newspapers. Systems of personal information exchange. Systems of “flying literature”: pamphlets and other forms. First newspapers in Europe. Their commercial functions. Political newspapers under control of ruling groups in monarchic states of the Europe. Press under Napoleon. News press and bour- geois revolutions: the French and British cases. Principles of the regulation of periodical press. First commercial press and mass press in XIX century. History of radio and television broadcast and their commercialization. Regulation of the audiovisual field in complexified world. System of frequencies. Role of the television in political field. Main political scandals and media in XX century (Watergate, McCarthy’s coverage, Vietnam war coverage). Global media era, international broadcast and system of global broadcasting on platforms. Main journalistic challenges. Internet and networks media era: participation culture, user generated distribution and evolution of the global media order.
  • Methods to analyse journalistic production
    Content analysis of the media as the main method of content studies. Discourse studies and narrative methods of studying content. Methods of studying the structure of communication and political economy approach. Studying the concentration of media outlets and their power relationships. Methods of studying the audience. Qualitative methods of interviews and ethnographic methods. Theirs functions. Quantitative methods of surveys and their functions.
  • Theories of global media and their critique
    Positivist theories of media modernization. Global media and global media dominance as a path to democratic development of underdeveloped societies. Theories of Ithiel de Sola Pool and Daniel Lerner. The concept of free flow of information doctrine. Studies of cultural domination (Unesco works and Nordenstreng/Varis research). Idea of cultural imperialism and cultural domi- nation. Critical theories of Armand Mattelart and Herbert Schiller. Model of pluricultural recep-tion of Katz. Positivistic theories about the role of new technologies. Theory of information society by Cas-tells. Network power model. Theories of “deliberative democracy” and “online democracy”. Cri-tique of positivistic theories from the side of political economy of media. Critique of positivistic theories from the side of political action theories.
  • Journalism as soft power in international relations
    Theories of soft power. The “communicative” (public oriented) function of international policy institutions and journalism as necessary mediating function ensuring their public visibility. Direct forms of public communication in digital world: blogs, social media, self- production of content by the politicians and challenges of it for professional journalists. Main actors of international re-lations and their relationship with journalists: national governments, global regulation organisa-tions, global corporations. National and global journalists and their coverage of international rela-tions. Journalism in the times of war.
  • Fake news, propaganda and hybrid wars: the role of the journalism
    The notion of propaganda. Propaganda as top- down concept. Military and civil propaganda. Propaganda as political technology. Propaganda and public opinion formation. Main methods of propaganda: filtering, fact distortion, manipulation, non- spreading out of the content. Disinformation and falsification of facts. Changing media landscape in the digital age. UGC and UDC via social networks. Fake news as false news actively spread out via new UDC model. The rise of the fake news and information literacy as a counterbalancing concept.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Seminars activity
  • non-blocking Final Essay
  • non-blocking Seminars activity
  • non-blocking Final Essay
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (3 module)
    0.5 * Final Essay + 0.5 * Seminars activity
Bibliography

Bibliography

Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Castells, Manuel. The Power of Identity : The Information Age - Economy, Society, and Culture, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2009. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/hselibrary-ebooks/detail.action?docID=470449.
  • Hallin, Daniel C., and Paolo Mancini. Comparing Media Systems : Three Models of Media and Politics, Cambridge University Press, 2004. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/hselibrary-ebooks/detail.action?docID=266614.

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Barnett, G., Xu, W., Chu, J., Jiang, K., Huh, C., Park, J., & Park, H. (2017). Measuring international relations in social media conversations. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edssch&AN=edssch.oai%3aescholarship.org%2fark%3a%2f13030%2fqt0qv7x3gk