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Regular version of the site
Master 2020/2021

EU in the World

Area of studies: International Relations
When: 2 year, 1, 2 module
Mode of studies: offline
Instructors: Olga Krasnyak
Master’s programme: International Relations: European and Asian studies
Language: English
ECTS credits: 4
Contact hours: 40

Course Syllabus


How can a super-national entity such as the European Union promote a credible Foreign and Security policy without having direct control of consolidated Army Forces and – maybe even worst- without its own Intelligence Services? In its General part, the course is willing to give an answer to this basic question of the development of EU’s role in international arena and its external relations and foreign policy by examining its main a) Institutions; b) Instruments; c) Sectorial Policies; d) Geographical and Geo-political areas of interest and action – with particular attention to the period over the last two decades after the break of the Berlin Wall. The Course will also foresee important monographic parts devoted to an in depth analysis respectively of the Union’s Defense and Security Policies as well as those of international Aid and Cooperation towards non-member States – which have been increasing their importance over the last two decades in defining the raising ambition and effort of the EU to have a consolidated and self-standing system of international relations. Attendants to the Course will be offered both formal and substantial framework analysis – in order to intercept the main strengths and weaknesses of the European Union foreign policy and also understand out of the predominant journalistic narratives the real essence of its relationship with the World. Given the above, the basic question the course would like to answer is if there can be a common European Union geo-political interest that is separate from the one of its Member States. But also – from a Russian perspective – if there is actually a political, economic and cultural European space out of the EU and what are its chances for interaction and development with the institutions and policies of the traditional Union. The Course will foresee the participation of guest lecturers from the European Union, from the EU’s Member States as well as from the Russian Federation dealing with relations with the EU. The Course foresees also a crosscutting part of practical simulations of sectorial aid programming and project design according to the EU policies and project cycle management guidelines. For the current year the chosen sector of assistance for the simulation is in Justice and Home Affairs.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • Europe has different meanings in which Europe as an association of states is one of them. The idea of this course is to better understand (i) what the European Union is, (ii) how it became the largest trade bloc in the world and the biggest donor of development fund, (iii) how the decision-making process goes, and (iv) what potential problems might arise from such a complex bureaucratic organism.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Explores the concept of Europe and the purpose of the European Union.
  • Describes and analyses the process of enlargement of the EU.
  • Explains the topic "Normative Power Europe."
  • Analyses the results of Forein Policy, Security and Defense.
  • Explains what the solution to the economic crisis is and if there should be more or less Europe.
  • Analyses Europe's migrants crisis consequences.
  • Defines energy security and explains environmental challenges.
  • Analyses the relations between the EU and the Post-Soviet space.
  • Describes the main features of the relations between the EU and the USA.
  • Analyses the EU-Russian relations.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Conceptualising the European Union
    What is Europe? What is the European Union? In this lecture and seminar, we will explore the concept of Europe and the purpose of the European Union.
  • European Union Enlargement
    Enlargement of the European Union contributes to define Europe and its purpose. Enlargement the accession process is also a key instrument of power for the EU.
  • Normative Power Europe?
    The EU has been conceptualised as a ‘normative power’. What does this mean, why is this concept appealing, and does the concept stand up to scrutiny? Debate #1: Is the EU a ‘normative power’? How far does its normative agenda extend?
  • Foreign Policy, Security, Defence
    The EU has commonly been presented as political-economic union. However, its security and military ambitions have been developing without a clear consensus about its ambitions. In this lecture and seminar we will explore foreign policy, security and defence. Debate #2: Is the EU a military power/will it become one/does it need to be?
  • Economy and the Economic Crisis
    The economic crisis has become an existential threat to the EU. What is the solution to the economic crisis, should there be more or less ‘Europe’? Debate #3: Will the Euro survive; can the EU survive without the Euro?
  • Europe’s Refugee/Migrant Crisis
    The Refugee/migrant crisis has caused great divisions within the EU. It has sparked a divide in terms of what Europe is and incentivised states to repatriate their sovereign powers. The refugee/migrant crisis was at the forefront in the UK’s referendum to leave the EU. Debate #4: Has the refugee/migrant crisis revealed incompatible visions for Europe?
  • In-class Test
    This class will be devoted to an in-class test. No books or digital appliances can be used during the test.
  • Energy Security and Environmental Challenges
    Energy security implies the affordable and reliable supply of energy resources, which is imperative for modern economies to function. How does energy security shape the policies of the EU and what are the main challenges? What are the consequences of securitizing energy? Debate #5: Does energy security divide the European Union?
  • The EU and the USA: Transatlantic relations
    The relationship with the US is conserved to be important to uphold the concept of a united West. Since the end of the Cold War, the relationship with the US has entailed cooperation and competition. Under the Trump administration, the transatlantic relationship has come under unprecedented strain. What does the future hold for the EU-US relationship? Debate #6: Is the EU and the US heading towards a divorce?
  • The EU and Russia
    In this seminar and lecture we will explore relations between the EU and Russia. Is Russia European? Is the largest European state the only non-European European state? We will explore the cooperation and the conflicts The largest state in Europe is not part of Cooperation between ‘Europe’ Debate #7: Is the EU and Russia destined for cooperation or conflict?
  • The EU and the Post-Soviet space
    The post-Soviet space is vast and the relationships with the various states depend on a variety of factors. Debate #8: Is the EU losing its influence in the post-Soviet space?
  • Final Exam
    No books or digital appliances can be used during the final exam.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Attendance and participation
  • blocking Essay + Presentation
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (2 module)
    For the midterm examination, your essay is counted. The essay will be peer-reviewed and the grade on a ten-point scale will be discussed in class. For the final examination, your presentation will be counted on a similar basis. The average - which includes attendance and participation - will make up your final grade.


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Chryssogelos, A. (2016). The EU’s Crisis of Governance and European Foreign Policy. United Kingdom, Europe: Chatham House. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.A63B08B8
  • Gross, E. (DE-588)1045373443, (DE-576)161211178. (2009). The europeanization of national foreign policy : continuity and change in European criris management / Eva Gross. Basingstoke [u.a.]: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.301138338
  • Koutrakos, P. (2011). European Foreign Policy : Legal and Political Perspectives. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=387726
  • Winn, N. (DE-588)115042423, (DE-576)176515763. (2001). EU foreign policy beyond the nation state : joint actions and institutional analysis of the Common Foreign and Security Policy / Neil Winn and Christopher Lord. Basingstoke [u.a.]: Palgrave. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.095480307

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Carbone, M. (DE-588)136755275, (DE-576)271776390. (2007). The European Union and international development : the politics of foreign aid / Maurizio Carbone. London [u.a.]: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edswao&AN=edswao.27177651X
  • Joren Verschaeve. (2012). European Foreign Policy: Legal and Political Perspectives – Edited by P. Koutrakos. Journal of Common Market Studies, (3), 537. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5965.2012.02247_11.x
  • What European foreign policy to address today’s and tomorrow’s geopolitical challenges? (2018). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.FAEB3352