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Regular version of the site

Values and Identities in Russia

Type: Minor
Delivered by: School of Psychology
When: 3, 4 module
Language: English
ECTS credits: 5

Course Syllabus


The course is aimed to develop students’ competencies and interest in сulture and psychology field. After fulfilling the course, students will know basic approaches of studing values and identities and their implementation in different areas of their everyday activity in multicultural settings. During the course students get acquainted with definitions and basic approaches to study values and identites. Students will learn how to measure and map different cultures and understand culture’s impact on personality and groups. Students will study the factors and outcomes of Russian reality. Students will also train to create convincing presentations, write a theoretical review and work with some practical exercises.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To introduce the main theories and researches of values and identities, its implications in Russia.
  • To develop an interest, motivation and skills of primary analysis of cultural specifics of individual and group behavior
  • To develop awareness of different cultural assumptions.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Student is capable to define theoretical and applied aspects of cross-cultural psychology.
  • 1.Student has profound knowledge in the field of values (cultural level).2. Student is capable to define theoretical and applied aspects of social and cross-cultural psychology.
  • Student knows main theoretical approaches, practical questions, concepts, techniques and contemporary founding in Russia
  • Student owns the system of main categories and instruments of studing values. Student knows main theoretical models and values approaches.
  • Student is capable to apply knowledge of cross-cultural psychology to solve problems occurring in intercultural relations in different contexts/levels (individual, group, societal) Student is capable to explain cross-cultural differences in values. Student can apply knowledge about values to explain the cultural differences and similarities. Student knows about basic practical socio-psychological interventions to improve intercultural relations.
  • Students know main theories that are basis for studing identities in Russian context.
  • Students know main theories and researches of identities in Post-Communist world.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Values in cross-cultural perspective
    Understanding Culture in Cross-Cultural Psychology. Factors of formation of culture. The dangers of ethnocentrism in cross-cultural psychology. Theoretical approaches to the study of values in cross-cultural psychology ()
  • Measurement of cultural values and their relationship with socio-economic development
    Cultural syndromes H. Triandis. Psychological dimensions of cultures of H. Hofstede. Measurements of R. Inglehart. Schwartz Values Measurement (cultural level). The Social Axioms Dimension by M. Bond and K. Leung.
  • Measurement of cultural values in Russia
    Sociological studies of the values of Russians during the period of reforms (90s of XX century - beginning of XXI century). Psychological studies of dynamics of social values. Research in Russia on measurements of H. Hofstede, R. Inglehart, Sh. Schwartz. Research of social axioms in Russia
  • Dynamics of the basic values of Russians (1999-2005): culturally universal approach
    Methodology. The dynamics of changes in the values of Russians according to the methodology of Sh. Schwartz. The relationship of cultural values with social capital, economic, political and psychological measurements
  • Basic values of Russians: culturally specific approach
    Culturally specific axes of measurement of values in Russia. The dynamics of changes of values of Russians. Time perspective. Level of religiosity. The relationship of cultural dimensions with socio-economic attitudes
  • Identities: theoretical issues
    The definition of self-concept. Self-image as part of the self-concept. Self-schema. Self-assessment as a part of self-concept, types of self-assessment. Modality of Self, consequences of mismatch between modality of Self. Stability of Self, working Self-concept. Accessibility of Self. Objective self-awareness and de-individualization. Private and public self-awareness. Sources of identity. Social categorization. Consequences of social categorization. The development of identity: crisis of identity, identity conflict, multiple identity, identity incompatibility, identity styles. Identity and migration: acculturation strategies and expectations. Types of identities: personal, social, civil, ethnic, group, religious and familial.
  • Changing identities in Russia and post-communist societies
    Probing the Relationship Between Group Identities of Russians and Ossetians in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania. The Role of Social Disidentification in Acculturation Preferences of Ethnic Majority and Minority Members in Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Russia. Multiple Social Identities in Post-communist Albania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania. Linking Youth Identity Development to Growing Up in Post-Communist Romania. Ethnic Identity and Cultural Value Orientations of Moldavian Youth in Transitional Society. Negotiating Identity and Belonging After Regime Change: Hungarian Society and Roma in Post-Communist Hungary. The Influence of Identity Styles on Adolescents’ Psychological Problems in Postcommunist Albania. Value Changes in Adolescents’ Anticipation of Possible Career Selves in Slovenia and Serbia. Language, Ethnicity, and Identity in Uzbekistan. Cultural Identification Among Immigrants from the Former USSR.
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Ongoing class activities
  • non-blocking Home task 1 - preparation an essay about modern studies of values
  • non-blocking Home task 2 - written assignment
    Student may choose whether to create case and conduct case analysis or to write an analytical essay on a topic
  • non-blocking Written exam
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • Interim assessment (4 module)
    0.25* Home task 1 + 0.25 * Home task 2 + 0.1 * Ongoing class activities + 0.4 * Written exam


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Bauer, S., Loomis, C., & Akkari, A. (2013). Intercultural immigrant youth identities in contexts of family, friends, and school. Journal of Youth Studies, 16(1), 54–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2012.693593
  • Belieffs, attitudes and values : a theory of organization and change, Rokeach, M., 1972
  • Berzonsky, M. D. (2004). Identity processing style, self-construction, and personal epistemic assumptions: A social-cognitive perspective. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 1(4), 303–315. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405620444000120
  • Burke, P. J., & Stets, J. E. (2009). Identity Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=288573
  • Changing values and beliefs in 85 countries : trends from the values surveys from 1981 to 2004, Halman, L., Inglehart, R., 2008
  • Choices, values, and frames, Kahneman, D., 2000
  • Cross-cultural psychology : research and applications, Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., 2006
  • Cross-cultural psychology : research and applications, Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., 2011
  • Cross-cultural psychology : research and applications, Berry, J. W., Poortinga, Y. H., 2013
  • Cultural differences in a globalizing world, Minkov, M., Hofstede, G., 2011
  • Culture and social behavior, Triandis, H. C., 1994
  • Culture`s consequences : comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations, Hofstede, G., 2001
  • DeLamater, J. D., & Collett, J. L. (2019). Social Psychology (Vol. Ninth edition). New York, NY: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1753380
  • Dimitrova, R., Chasiotis, A., Bender, M., & van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2017). Identity and well-being of ethnic minority and mainstream adolescents in Bulgaria. Current Issues in Personality Psychology, 5(1), 41–52. https://doi.org/10.5114/cipp.2017.63055
  • Dimitrova, R., Chasiotis, A., Bender, M., & Vijver, F. (2013). Collective identity and wellbeing of Roma minority adolescents in Bulgaria. International Journal of Psychology, 48(4), 502–513. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2012.682064
  • Ethnic, Familial, and Religious Identity of Roma Adolescents in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Kosovo, and Romania in Relation to Their Level of Well-Being. (2017). Child Development, 88(3), 693–709. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12786
  • Frings, D. (2019). Social Psychology : The Basics. New York, NY: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1892519
  • Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. D. (2006). Self-identity and the theory of planned behaviour: between- and within-participants analyses. The British Journal Of Social Psychology, 45(Pt 4), 731–757. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=17393878
  • Leung, K., & Bond, M. H. (2009). Psychological Aspects of Social Axioms : Understanding Global Belief Systems. New York: Springer. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=275662
  • Modernization and postmodernization : cultural, economic, and political change in 43 societies, Inglehart, R., 1997
  • Schwartz, S. H. (2012). An Overview of the Schwartz Theory of Basic Values. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.16E8E559
  • Stryker, S. (2007). Identity theory and personality theory: mutual relevance. Journal Of Personality, 75(6), 1083–1102. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=17995458
  • The silent revolution : changing values and political styles among western publics, Inglehart, R., 1977
  • Vallacher, R. R. (2019). Social Psychology : Exploring the Dynamics of Human Experience. [Place of publication not identified]: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=2233440
  • Who prospers? : how cultural values shape economic and political success, Harrison, L. E., 1992

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Castle, H., Knight, E., & Watters, C. (2011). Ethnic Identity as a Protective Factor for Looked After and Adopted Children From Ethnic Minority Groups: A Critical Review of the Literature. Adoption Quarterly, 14(4), 305–325. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926755.2011.628266
  • Identity Styles, Positive Youth Development, and Civic Engagement in Adolescence. (2014). Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 1818–1828. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsnar&AN=edsnar.oai.dspace.library.uu.nl.1874.303921
  • Maruice Mangum, & Ray Block. (2018). Social Identity Theory and Public Opinion towards Immigration. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.FF93BCFB
  • Ng Tseung, W. C., & Verkuyten, M. (2013). Religious and national group identification in adolescence: A study among three religious groups in Mauritius. International Journal of Psychology, 48(5), 846–857. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2012.701748
  • Nigbur, D., Lyons, E., & Uzzell, D. (2010). Attitudes, norms, identity and environmental behaviour: using an expanded theory of planned behaviour to predict participation in a kerbside recycling programme. The British Journal Of Social Psychology, 49(Pt 2), 259–284. https://doi.org/10.1348/014466609X449395
  • Reincarnating the identity theory. (2018). https://doi.org/10.3389/FPSYG.2018.02044