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Regular version of the site
Master 2021/2022

Cross-cultural Psychology

Type: Compulsory course (Applied Social Psychology)
Area of studies: Psychology
Delivered by: School of Psychology
When: 1 year, 2, 3 module
Mode of studies: offline
Open to: students of one campus
Master’s programme: Applied Social Psychology
Language: English
ECTS credits: 8
Contact hours: 68

Course Syllabus


The course is aimed to develop students’ competencies and interest in сulture and psychology field. After fulfilling the course, students will know basic approaches of modern cross-cultural psychology and their implementation in different areas of their everyday activity in multicultural settings. During the course students get acquainted with what cross-cultural psychology is, how it differs from other related spheres of psychology and how it can be applied to scientific and real-life situations. Students will learn how to measure and map different cultures and understand culture’s impact on cognition, personality and communication. Students will study the factors and outcomes of successful acculturation and intercultural relations. Students will also train to create convincing presentations, write a theoretical review and work with some practical exercises.
Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

  • To introduce the main theories and researches in cultural and cross-cultural psychology
  • To develop an interest, motivation and skills of primary analysis of cultural specifics of individual and group behavior
  • To develop awareness of different cultural assumptions.
Expected Learning Outcomes

Expected Learning Outcomes

  • Student can apply knowledge about personality related concepts to explain the cultural differences and similarities.
  • Student is able to apply ecocultural framework to explain cultural differences.
  • Student is able to differentiate between basic aspects of multiculturalism.
  • Student is able to take into consideration cross-cultural differences in cognition to present the results of his/her work more effectively.
  • Student is able to work with intelligence tests in cross-cultural settings.
  • Student is capable to apply knowledge of cross-cultural psychology to solve problems occurring in intercultural relations in different contexts/levels (individual, group, societal)
  • Student is capable to apply the knowledge of cultural measurements to reveal and explain the cultural differences and similarities.
  • Student is capable to apply the knowledge of cultural specifics in verbal and nonverbal communication in multicultural settings.
  • Student is capable to define theoretical and applied aspects of cross-cultural psychology.
  • Student is capable to differentiate between different types of stereotypes and knows how to works with ethnic stereotypes.
  • Student is capable to explain and apply hypotheses of intercultural relation .
  • Student is capable to explain cross-cultural differences in cognitive processes - such as perception, attention, thinking, memory etc - and emotions.
  • Student is capable to give definitions of the main categories and know different theoretical approach and methods of culture measurements.
  • Student knows about basic practical socio-psychological interventions to improve intercultural relations.
  • Student knows main theoretical approaches explaining cultural influences on personality.
  • Student knows main theoretical grounds explaining cultural influences on cognition.
  • Student knows main theoretical models and approaches to acculturation.
  • Student owns the system of main categories and instruments of cross-cultural psychology. 
  • Student owns the system of main psychological categories and definitions related to intercultural communication.
  • Students is able to differentiate between different levels of culture and different approaches to study culture.
  • Students knows main theoretical and training approaches to intercultural competence.
Course Contents

Course Contents

  • Topic 1. Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology
  • Topic 2. Measuring and Mapping Cultures
  • Topic 3. Culture and Cognition
  • Topic 4. Personality and Culture
  • Topic 5. Culture and Communication
  • Topic 6. Psychology of Acculturation and Intercultural Relations
Assessment Elements

Assessment Elements

  • non-blocking Ongoing assessment - small tests
  • non-blocking Home task 1: an oral presentation in the format of TED Talks
  • non-blocking Home task 2: practical project "Work on a client request"
    task can be fulfilled in a small group of students. Several client requests will be suggested to the students.
  • non-blocking Written exam
    The exam is conducted in written form (test with different types of tasks) online without use of proctoring. During the exam, students are forbidden to: communicate (in social networks, with people in the room), use their notes or electronic documents, cheat. A short-term connection failure during the exam is considered to be a connection failure of less than 5 minutes. A long-term connection failure during the exam is considered to be a failure of 5 minutes or more. If there is a long-term connection failure, the student cannot continue to participate in the exam. The retake procedure involves the use of the similar tasks and procedure. More details about the procedure is available in the letter sent to the students.
  • non-blocking home task for period of self-study - essay
Interim Assessment

Interim Assessment

  • 2021/2022 3rd module
    0.2 * Home task 2: practical project "Work on a client request" + 0.05 * home task for period of self-study - essay + 0.2 * Home task 1: an oral presentation in the format of TED Talks + 0.25 * Ongoing assessment - small tests + 0.3 * Written exam


Recommended Core Bibliography

  • Berry, J. W. (2017). Mutual Intercultural Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=1560357
  • Breugelmans, S. M., Chasiotis, A., & Vijver, F. J. R. van de. (2011). Fundamental Questions in Cross-Cultural Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=366256
  • Hazel Rose Markus, & Shinobu Kitayama. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.F4474DDB
  • Matsumoto, D. R. (2001). The Handbook of Culture and Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=129712
  • Richard E. Nisbett, Incheol Choi, Kaiping Peng, & Ara Norenzayan. (n.d.). Copyright 200i by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-295X/01/$5.00 DO1: 10.1037//0033-295X.108.2.291 Culture and Systems of Thought: Holistic Versus Analytic Cognition. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.E8103D79
  • Valsiner, J. (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=826680

Recommended Additional Bibliography

  • Berry, J. (2016). Comparative analysis of Canadian multiculturalism policy and the multiculturalism policies of other countries. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.3E9CF8B5
  • Carolina Țîmbalari. (2019). Dimensions of National Culture – Cross-cultural Theories. Studies in Business and Economics, 14(3), 220–230. https://doi.org/10.2478/sbe-2019-0055
  • Diener, E., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R. E. (2003). PERSONALITY, CULTURE, AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING: Emotional and Cognitive Evaluations of Life. Annual Review of Psychology, 54(1), 403. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145056
  • Erich H. Witte, Adrian Stanciu, & Klaus Boehnke. (2020). A New Empirical Approach to Intercultural Comparisons of Value Preferences Based on Schwartz’s Theory. Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01723
  • Eunkook M. Suh, & Harry C. Triandis. (n.d.). Cultural Syndromes and Subjective Well-being. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.E85CB1AF
  • Gilson, L. L., Davis, W. D., Gabelica, C., & Popov, V. (2020). “One Size Does Not Fit All”: Revisiting Team Feedback Theories From a Cultural Dimensions Perspective. Group & Organization Management, 45(2), 252–309. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601120910859
  • Harry C. Triandis, & Michele J. Gelfand. (1998). Converging measurement of horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.21251665
  • Hofstede, G., & Minkov, M. (2010). Long- versus short-term orientation: new perspectives. Asia Pacific Business Review, 16(4), 493–504. https://doi.org/10.1080/13602381003637609
  • Holliday, A., Kullman, J., & Hyde, M. (2010). Intercultural Communication : An Advanced Resource Book for Students (Vol. 2nd ed). London: Routledge. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=476453
  • Immigrant youth: Acculturation, identity and adaptation. (2006). Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55(3), 303–332. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsnar&AN=edsnar.oai.openaccess.leidenuniv.nl.1887.16610
  • Jeffrey Sanchez-burks, Fiona Lee, Incheol Choi, Richard Nisbett, Shuming Zhao, & Jasook Koo. (2003). Conversing across cultures: East-West communication styles in work and nonwork contexts. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.2D783024
  • Kavanagh, C., & Yuki, M. (2017). Culture and Group Processes. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.9C8A4171
  • Leung, K., & Bond, M. H. (2009). Psychological Aspects of Social Axioms : Understanding Global Belief Systems. New York: Springer. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsebk&AN=275662
  • Liu, S., & Gallois, C. (2014). Integrating intercultural communication and cross-cultural psychology: Theoretical and pedagogical implications. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.AD7AAB0B
  • Marsella, A. (2012). Psychology and Globalization: Understanding a Complex Relationship. Journal of Social Issues, 68(3), 454–472. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2012.01758.x
  • Masuda, T. (2017). Culture and attention: Recent empirical findings and new directions in cultural psychology. Social & Personality Psychology Compass, 11(12), n/a-N.PAG. https://doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12363
  • McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1997). Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.DC271D70
  • Phan, D. T. (2013). Integrating Personality and Coping Styles in Predicting Well-Being Across Cultures. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.72BDD79F
  • Robert R. Mccrae, & Antonio Terracciano. (2005). Personality profiles of cultures: Aggregate personality traits. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.68D17445
  • Ronald F. Inglehart. (2017). Evolutionary Modernization Theory: Why People’s Motivations are Changing. Changing Societies & Personalities, (2), 136. https://doi.org/10.15826/csp.2017.1.2.010
  • Sadewo, G. R. P. ( 1 ), Kashima, E. S. ( 1 ), Gallagher, C. ( 2 ), Kashima, Y. ( 3 ), & Koskinen, J. ( 3 ). (n.d.). International Students’ Cross-Cultural Adjustment: Social Selection or Social Influence? Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 51(6), 490–510. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022120930092
  • Schachner, M. K., van de Vijver, F. J. R., & Noack, P. (2017). Contextual Conditions for Acculturation and Adjustment of Adolescent Immigrants – Integrating Theory and Findings. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.6CF2D505
  • Schwartz, S. H. (2001). Extending the cross-cultural validity of the theory of basic human values with a different method of measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32(5), 519–542. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022101032005001
  • Takahiko Masuda, Kenichi Ito, Jinju Lee, Satoko Suzuki, Yuto Yasuda, & Satoshi Akutsu. (2020). Culture and Business: How Can Cultural Psychologists Contribute to Research on Behaviors in the Marketplace and Workplace? Frontiers in Psychology, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01304
  • Takahiko Masuda, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Batja Mesquita, Janxin Leu, Shigehito Tanida, & Ellen Van De Veerdonk. (n.d.). ATTITUDES AND SOCIAL COGNITION Placing the Face in Context: Cultural Differences in the Perception of Facial Emotion. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.B80AC061
  • The HEXACO–100 Across 16 Languages: A Large-Scale Test of Measurement Invariance. (2019). Journal of Personality Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1614011
  • Thomas F. Pettigrew. (n.d.). INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS AND GROUP PROCESSES A Meta-Analytic Test of Intergroup Contact Theory. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.E5FCBB03
  • Torres, C. V., Schwartz, S. H., & Nascimento, T. G. (2016). The Refined Theory of Values: associations with behavior and evidences of discriminative and predictive validity. Psicologia USP, 27(2), 341–356. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-656420150045
  • Triandis, H. C., & Triandis, H. C. (2001). Individualism-collectivism and personality. Journal of Personality, 69(6), 907–924. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6494.696169
  • Van de Vijver, F. J. R. (2013). Contributions of internationalization to psychology: toward a global and inclusive discipline. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edsbas&AN=edsbas.B101B794
  • Yama, H., & Zakaria, N. (2012). Inference and culture : The distinction between low context culture and high context culture as a possible explanation for cultural differences in cognition. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edssch&AN=edssch.oai%3aescholarship.org%2fark%3a%2f13030%2fqt4vn8f7pz