Global Diplomacy in the Modern World
- The main idea of this course is to help students to better understand the meaning and the role of diplomacy as an instrument that enables nation-states to secure the objectives of their foreign policies without resort to force, propaganda, or law.
- Students will be able to explain the centrality of communication to the diplomatic practice and the toolbox available for studying diplomacy.
- Students will be able to explain the historical evolution of diplomacy to the present day, the key transformative moments of the diplomatic practice, as well as the main contributions and limitations of diplomacy in facilitating international peace and cooperation.
- Students delve into negotiation as one of the functions of diplomacy designed to achieve the formal agreement between governments to a way forward on an issue that has come up in their relations.
- Students will comprehend diplomatic relations as the normal condition between states enjoying mutual recognition often defined as 'normal relations'. Also, students will understand the difference with the establishment of diplomatic relations when those were strained or non-existent.
- Students will be able to explain situations in which diplomatic relations are in abeyance but the parties maintain an interest in communicating with each other through contacts in the diplomatic corps of third states or meetings in the wings of international organisations of which they are both members.
- Students will be able to understand key features of contemporary global diplomacy, its multiplication of issue areas and actors, and to identify traditional and non-traditional diplomatic actors.
- Students will seek to understand and explain the occurrence of significant phenomena in diplomatic studies into three traditions of diplomatic thought.
- From a global perspective, students will be able to explain innovative use of diplomatic networks for maximising input of legitimate state and non-state stakeholders; people-directed diplomacy as a counterpoint to elite-based interactions and their impact on the international order; new principles of diplomatic conduct and compliance with international public law, especially diplomatic and international criminal law.
- Why and how should we study diplomacy?We define and understand the process of studying diplomacy.
- Historical evolution of diplomacy: from ancient to modern diplomacy.We look at the main objectives of diplomacy which are representation, communication, and conflict management.
- The art of negotiation.We break it down to the parts as follows: prenegotiations, 'around-the-table' negotiations, diplomatic momentum, agreements.
- Traditions of international thought of diplomacy.We attempt to understand the process of diplomatic theory formation through intellectual traditions of radicalism, rationalism, and realism.
- Towards inclusive diplomacy.We witness the change in contemporary global diplomacy in its institutionalised communication populated by traditional and non-traditional diplomats.
- Diplomatic relations.We assess the ways in which diplomatic relations proceed (embassies, consulates, conferences, summits, public diplomacy).
- Multifaceted global diplomacy.We look at the resorts of contemporary global diplomacy - war and peace, economics, development, environment, health, migration, etc.
- Diplomacy without diplomatic relations.We look at the situations in which inter-state relations are strained but diplomacy proceeds through disguised embassies, special missions, mediation, science and cultural diplomacy.