Year of Graduation
Political subjectivity of the Russian regions under the 2000's centralization (case of the Ural regions)
Faculty of Politics
Goal: The detection of changes of political subjectivity in the Russian regions in the 2000s .Research tasks:1) To analyze the processes of identity construction in the studied subjects2) To identify the main political and economic interests of the studied regions3 ) To identify indicators that can be used in identification of regional interests4) To determine the nature and dynamics of the relationship of these regions and the federal center5) To classify the regions basing on the development of political subjectivity6) To analyze type of modification of political subjectivity in these regionsIn this study we analyzed the political subjectivity of Russian regions in terms of centralization during 2000s within case-study of six Ural regions : Kurgan, Orenburg , Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk , Perm Krai and the Republic of Bashkortostan.Research of the processes of constructing political and regional identity was done, as well as the examples of the consolidation of the regional community were examined.Based on these results , we can conclude that political subjectivity in Ural regions strongly differentiate . It was the most obviously expressed in the Republic of Bashkortostan and Sverdlovsk region , the least - in the Orenburg and Kurgan regions .Weakly subsidized regions less affected during the centralization. Mostly centralization hit by a status and most influential regions.The study showed that the process of centralization in the 2000s led to the unification of regional communities , the erosion of regional identity . The main recommendation is to give more powers to the regions in the political and economic spheres. Centralization processes should be stopped . The head of the region should be a representative of the local elites , who knows about problems of his region, supported by the local public and able to consolidate the regional community.