Year of Graduation
Alcohol Consumption and Its Impact on the Health of Population in Russian Federation
Faculty of Economics
This work considers measures to reduce alcohol consumption directed to reduce risks that affect the health of the population of the Russian Federation. Assessments were based on the database of the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey in 2012. To meet the goal of this work originally it was necessary to justify the negative impact of alcohol consumption on health of individuals. Further, it was necessary to choose the factors that can influence the choice of an individual - whether to consume alcohol, and how often it can consume. To perform these tasks, it is need to construct econometric models of two types: the first type shows the influence of alcohol consumption on health of individuals; the second type shows the influence of the factors on alcohol consumption. To build models of this type were used the binary model (probit-model) and ordered select model (ordered probit model). Assessment models were produced by the method of maximum likelihood. The results show a negative impact on the consumption of alcohol. In addition, such factors as the type locality, gender, age of the individual, smoking, income and life satisfaction affects the consumption of individual alcohol. So the sparsely populated area the less likely the individual consumption of alcohol in the last 30 days. Men are more likely to use alcohol than women. On average, tend to consume alcohol more individuals from 35 to 45 years. Smoking, as another type of additive behavior, directly associated with alcohol consumption. Income also affects consumption - the higher it is the more individual consumes alcohol. Satisfaction with life depends back from alcohol consumption. On the basis of the received results it have been put forward measures to reduce alcohol consumption. These measures included the price policy (increase of excises), ban on the sale at a certain time, permission for sale in strictly determined places, social advertising and the state monopoly on the production and sale of alcohol.