Year of Graduation
Legal framework of private military and security companies activity under international humanitarian law and Russian legislation
A few last decades have just passed being notorious for war outsourcing. More and more often private military and security companies (PMSC) are recruited to perform in armed conflicts. PMSC were called up to withstand modern challenges of humanitarian law. In comparison to past experience the role of PMCS as the persons who accompany the armed forces without being members thereof is nowadays not of major significance. Actually, most often PMSC are directly participating in the armed conflicts and the number of cases arises. Commentaries of International Committee of the Red Cross are the most viable evidence. Hence, the importance and applicability of PMC issue cannot help being noticed. Moreover, it shall be discussed and developed in order to implement humanitarian rights and uphold them by force of the law. Therefore, let us deal consequentially with a few stages of legal analysis. Firstly, the advantages and concerns on the issue of PMSC would be covered. Then a brief look at PMSC history would be provided along with attracted examples. Secondly, a challenge of PMSC personnel status will be closely regarded. Namely, the status of PMSC members shall be discovered from distinct points of view. The legal provisions shall be provided for PMSC personnel: as civil population; as mercenaries; as combatants; as persons who accompany armed forces. Finally, PMCS would be explored as a sui generis actor of international law.