Year of Graduation
Implementation of Technical Innovations within Universities: Barriers and Factors.
Faculty of Public Administration
In XX century, universities, under the influence of the high demand for their services , steel tends to support this demand , entering into competition with each other. Competing with each other and meet the contemporary challenges universities must to innovate. Both in the West and in Russian educational institutions in a very short time universities have moved away from the model of state organization and became the de facto acquire the features of a business organization that requires appropriate organizational and technical changes to them. Particularly, the technical innovations in the organization of the educational process. Teachers and students start to use IT in the educational process such as e-mail, slides and internet-based storages to make easier the exchange and to speed up the process of communication. This tendency forced universities to create centralized system for study process support, which called LMS (learning management system). The problem of implementation of the technological innovation is rather urgent today. In this study we use LMS as the example of technical innovation. The study conducted by the Centre of Internal Monitoring (CIM) HSE claims that only 20 % of teachers have created at least one discipline in the LMS.This work is interdisciplinary and covers the area of several sciences - organization theory, management and economics of education, so therefore research based on a variety of a literature. The goal of this work is to identify factors affecting the implementation of technical innovations within universities, using as an example in implementing LMS Higher School of Economics. Hypotheses of the study are:H1: There is a relationship between use of the LMS and characteristics taught disciplines.H2: The main fostering factor to use the LMS is the participation in competitions of Foundation for Educational Innovation.H3: The presence of educational assistants has a positive effect on the use of LMS.H4: The main barrier for the implementation is the technical imperfections LMS. This study is based on the approaches of authors such as Damanpur F., DeLone V., McLean E., Klobas J., McGill T., Naveh G., Tubin D., Pliskin N., Keramati A., Afshari - Mofrad M., Kamrani approaches to barriers factors of technical innovation. We used quantitative as well as qualitative data to find out the relationship.