Year of Graduation
The relationships between the Moscow principality and the Jochi ulus in the last quarter of the fourteenth century - the beginning of the fifteenth
Faculty of History
The problem of Russian-Horde relationships has always been in the centre of interest of Russian historiography. The main question which is considered in the frameworks of this topic is the question of the consequences of Horde Yoke on the development of North-East Rus’. More specifically, the relationships between the Moscow principality and the Golden Horde in the last quarter of the fourteenth century seem to be rather controversial. It is necessary to mention, that at the same period of time, Turco-Mongol conquer Tamerlane hit the Golden Horde so hard, that it would never fully recovered. Despite this fact, the Moscow principality had been dependent on the Golden Horde for more than a half century being able to claim its freedom only in the end of the fifteenth century.This research paper seeks to answer the question of was the Moscow principality really dependant on the Jochi ulus in the stated period or not, as well as the in influence of Tamerlane on Moscow-Horde relationships is studied. The BA dissertation is based on Russian chronicles, which are indeed the most sufficient sources in the framework of this study. The Persian and Arabian written texts describing life and deals of Tamerlane are the second part of the sources which have been used.In chapter one the development of the Russian-Horde relationships in the middle of the fourteenth century is traced. Then, in chapter two the formal types of dependence such as getting the iarlik and the frequency of the paying tribute are described, as well as the way Moscow and Horde’s authority treated each other is examined. And the final chapter will be devoted to the influence of Tamerlane on the Russian-Horde political relations. Particularly, the questions of confrontation of Takhtamysh and Tamerlane, as well as the role of Moscow in their political game will be thoroughly investigated.