Year of Graduation
Effect of chargeable parking on traffic congestion
This paper is devoted to the impact of chargeable parking on the parking pattern. The aim of the model is to build a model of the demand for parking which takes into account diverse urban structure, impact of parking on road traffic, as well as the characteristics of the Moscow pricing schemes. Tasks include extending Anderson and de Palma's model to the case of more than one point of attraction, adjusting model coefficients to the Moscow case and the assessment of the effectiveness of Moscow parking rates in terms of the optimal use of parking spaces and the impact on road traffic.To accomplish this goal we are reviewing Anderson and de Palma's model of parking, then upgrading this model to the case of multiple points of attraction and introducing an externality imposed by visitors of different points of interest on each other. Then the obtained model with coefficients adapted to the case of Moscow was used to obtain some numerical examples. In this examples we are comparing the distribution of occupied parking places in cases of unpaid parking, an optimum pricing pattern from the point of view of parking congestion and parking tariffs of Moscow.As a result, it turned out that the optimal pricing leads to elimination of negative externalities of drivers on each other and increases the demand for travel if the collected taxes are redistributed between the inhabitants of the city. Moscow tariffs increase the overall cost of the trip and encourage drivers to park outside the Centre, but lead to less efficient use of parking spaces, creating excess demand for parking in places where price gaps occur.