Year of Graduation
Discarding from needless objects in households: socio-economic analysis
Faculty of Sociology
Current paper is exploring the practice of disposition (or divestment) of needless possessions. This phenomenon is the third stage in the process of consumer behaviour. First two stages, acquisition and consumption, were actively investigated by different scholars, while the third stage was always at the periphery of their research interests. One of the intentions of this work is to deepen our knowledge about the phenomenon under consideration from the point of view of economic sociology.How and why does the acquired product become needless? How does the consumer treat this product and what are the principles he follows in this case? These are the main research question of this paper. The research problem can be concluded as the ambiguity of the fact, that people choose different ways of disposition in different situations, and of the role of socio-economic conditions around this practice.In order to answer these questions, we should appeal to the experience of people who dispose of their needless objects. So, the aim of the work is to understand how the individual decide what way he will act in order to dispose of his needless possessions. To reach the aim we should solve several tasks:1. To clarify, what possessions change its status into «needless» and why.2. To define the role of social features of possessions in the processes of refusal of it by its owner and of the decision-making on what way of disposition the individual would choose.3. To define the role of social ties of the individual and the involvement of him into the circle of reciprocal exchange in the process of choosing the way to dispose.There is little knowledge about this phenomenon, so the methodology is based particularly on this fact. The method of the grounded theory was used in the research. Its main point is that the theory about the phenomenon is constructed during the literature review and data collection and analysis. 15 interviews were held with people, chosen with the help of accessible selection.The main results can be described this way. First of all, the taxonomy of ways and channels of disposition was deeply extended and detailed. Secondly, there are a number of reasons, why people define his possessions as needless, uncovered. Finally, the most important result is the aggregation of some reasons underlying the process of choosing one or another way and channel of disposition of needless things.