Year of Graduation
What affects more the propensity for a healthy lifestyle: economic or social factors?
Faculty of Sociology
In this study regarding a healthy lifestyle an analytical work of the impact of social and economic factors on the propensity for a healthy lifestyle was conducted.The general purpose of this study is to construct a typology of population according to their lifestyle in relation to health, and to identify factors that affect the membership of one type of behavior or another. In the relations to the general purpose there is a number of specific research objectives:1. to construct a typology of population lifestyles in relation to healthy lifestyle and compose portraits of these groups;2. to determine what socio-demographic and economic factors influence the belongings to the received segments in relation to health;The results of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) has been chosen as a practical basis for the research. The results of the main research and the additional research of the nutrition of the population in year 2011 have been chosen for the study.As for the method of quantitative data analysis, methods of cluster analysis are intended for the purposes of this study for segmenting the population in relation to a healthy lifestyle. The multinomial logistic regression was also used to identify the factors which affect the propensity for a healthy lifestyle. Finally, the application of cross tables was used to compare the behavior of men and women in relation to healthy lifestyle.Sufficiently interesting and important conclusions were obtained. Four different groups were formed after cluster analysis. It was revealed two opposite segments, namely, those who adhere to a healthy lifestyle and those who do not adhere. Two intermediate segments which differ from each other regarding nutrition style were received.It was also revealed that the tendency to a healthy lifestyle is more influenced by social rather than economic factors.The main conclusions can be identified by the fact that women are more intended to a healthy lifestyle than men on the main parameters: smoking, alcohol, nutrition.In conclusion, we can say that in the framework of the study quite interesting evidence was obtained that can be the basis for further, more complete study of the motives leading to healthy lifestyles.The baseline results of the present research can be used as a basis for some further investigation not only the motives, but obstacles to keeping healthy lifestyle standards as well.