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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Igor` Efremov
Regional aspects of migration at the Russian Far North
Master’s programme
7
2014
In today's world acquire special significance of migration. Since most of the developed countries are currently unable to reproduce the labor force in the traditional way fertility is gaining momentum all the great migration, especially labor. No exception and Russia.Far North of Russia, despite its relatively small population, is of great importance for the stability and prosperity of the country.The aim is to identify spatial patterns and typology of contemporary migration processes in the regions of the Russian Far NorthObject of research are migration of the population of regions and territories of the Far North RossiSubject of research - the differences in spatial and demographic characteristics of migration processes in the regions of the Far North of Russia.To achieve this goal were formulated research objectives:• Identify trends in migration processes at the regional level in the Far North in 1990-2000-ies.• Analyze the modern migration situation in the Far North• Investigate the regional differentiation of migration processes in the Far North• Conduct a typology of territories of the Far North on the characteristics of migration processesThis paper examines the processes in the territories of the Far North and similar regions of the Russian Federation in accordance with the list of such areas, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.As a result of the dissertation research were identified spatial patterns of migration processes in the regions of the Far North, and was held typology of regions for these processes.The study found that after a period of rapid growth of population in the North in the Soviet years, after 1990, the active process of depopulation caused, primarily, migration loss overlying the natural population growth of the northern territories.Identified specific patterns of age structure of northern migrants.Of the Far North, members of the nonnorthern subjects have lower rates of migration activity of the population.Regions have been identified, the external migration flows are almost oriented to the North.In the analysis of regional differences among territories of the Far North indicators of origin and destination in the interregional migration shows that these differences are much more pronounced in arrivals than in disposals.For typology of the Far North on the characteristics of migration was performed cluster analysis, in which identified five types of areas (clusters)1. Magadan region. and Chukotka AO;2. Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area-Yugra and Yamal-Nenets autonomous region;3. Karelia and Nenets Autonomous District;4. Primorsky krai, Tuva, Altai, Tomsk region., South of the Tyumen region., Perm5. Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Irkutsk, Amur, Sakhalin Region, Komi, Sakha, Buryatia, Kransoyarsky, Transbaikalia, Khabarovsk and Kamchatka Krai.Key findings of typology:Part of the territories of the Far North can not be attributed to the north by the indices studied, among them are completely atypical for the North - Tuva, Altai, Buryatia south and northern areas, which are too developed to have the typical features of the Far North - Karelia and Arkhangelsk region. This category may include the northern areas of Primorsky krai.Among the remaining regions of the "real" North - there is full (in full) and the northern periphery of nonnorthern regions, where the periphery is divided by another semi-periphery (those areas where their city centers) and typical peripherals (without any independent centers). In the field of migration processes on the peripheral regions of the northern areas of nonnorthern much more influenced by their peripheral and not "northern".In general, the analysis of migration as well as a number of other indicators, it can be concluded that the territories of the Far North are gradually converging with nonnorthern regions in terms of both migration and other demographic processes. Rather, this process could be called catch-up socio-demographic development of the North

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