Year of Graduation
Strategies of Adaptation for Working Mothers in the Labor Market
Faculty of Sociology
Work is devoted to adaptation strategies for working mothers in the labor market. The purpose of this study is to identify the main difficulties associated with young mothers returning to work and identify strategies for coping with these difficulties while adapting to the work. Objectives of the study included: difficulties encountered by working women during pregnancy and their return to work after their maternity leave; ways and strategies of coping with risks; objective and subjective factors that facilitate and impede adaptation on the labor market.The study is qualitative. Empirical base material made of 20 semi-structured interviews with working mothers, walked out of maternity leave and childcare during the last 5 years. Analysis of the information was carried out using a grounded theory procedure.As a result of the study were identified and described the types of strategies to adapt to the work of women after childbirth. Key strategies that conventionally designated as "remote turn" and "comfortable job." The first strategy involves varying degrees of involvement in the work during maternity leave and childcare, to reduce the risk of reducing the loss of human capital and competitive opportunities in the labor market. The second strategy involves changing nature of employment, to comply with an acceptable balance between family and work. Typically, this is due to a decrease in the loss of status and income. Depending on the circumstances, women are choosing this strategy either as a temporary or as long.