Year of Graduation
The problem of esoterical knowledge in the philosophy of Plato
Faculty of Philosophy
Raising the question of esoteric knowledge in Plato's philosophical system, actually, does not require justification. It is enough to turn, on one hand, to the historical and cultural context, and, on another hand, to the biography of the philosopher, in order to ensure the legitimacy of such a formulation of the problem. Plato exercised his philosophical activity in a difficult time for Athens. Fighting between the demos and the aristocracy gained it’s momentum, as he truly believed in the rightness of his beliefs and actions, he just could not stay away . Thus made Plato came to the conclusion that his teachings should not remain within the Academy and must somehow convey to the general public. However, as is clear from the above facts and evidence from his biography, he could not stayed away from the fear that the result of the activities could be identical to his teacher’s fate.It should be noted that the reference to the problem of Plato's esoteric knowledge is relevant. It is reasonable because existing works does not exhaust the research potential of this problem, in fact, a variety of opinions concerning the interpretations of the esoteric philosophy of Plato and the lack of consensus among the researchers entail many inaccuracies and difficulties, which in their turn lead to misunderstanding of Plato's philosophical system in the whole. According to the results of the research carried out in this paper the author hopes to come to a clear comprehension of the role, which plays esoteric knowledge in the philosophy of Plato.