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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Nataliya Tsareva
Institutionalization of street-art in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Cultural Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
2016
In this work, the phenomenon of street art is regarded as a field, according to the theory of fields by P. Bourdieu. If we take the field of contemporary art in Russia, we can distinguish two opposite poles, as well as a sub-field of subculture of street art. Subcultural field can be called elite, as the field agents produce manifests not for the viewer, and other agents of the same field. The growing and changing with the times of field, as well as the field of the media, who have started to cover graffiti activity, began to define the aesthetic value of street works. Formed from a graffiti street art entered into the field of contemporary art and is near the elite pole.

Since 2011, muralizm was created as a new gernre in the field of street art. The emergence of a new genre in the sub-field is affected by a change in the whole system and the creation of new rules and regulations in all fields. A large number of monumental paintings in Moscow were set up in the festivals "The Wall", "MOST" and "Artmossfera". Another institution which is developing maral art is the company "Novatek Art" , which works as mediator between the fields of art and power. In 2015, in St. Petersburg was opened Museum of street art.

These projects can be regarded as institutions, created on the border of the field of contemporary art and the field of economy (government). Monitoring and sanctioning street art works dominated fields there is unsystematic, due to the lack of clear legislation about street art and of public-art. The absence of law is weak internal and external borders of the field, as well as non-autonomous field itself. There is also a lack of consensus in the pointing out the definitions of key terms between agents of the field of art and other fields. According to the theory of institutionalization by P. Berger and T. Luckman, without conscious understanding of the meaning of a term and the phenomenon, the institute can not exist.

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