Year of Graduation
Professors, Privatdozenten, Students, and Money: an Analysis of the Faculty Dynamics of the Universities of the Pre-Revolutionary Russia (1860s-1917)
The history of the Russian universities has received much of researchers’ attention. However, the quantitative aspects of historical dynamics of university faculty seem to be underexplored. The preliminary analysis has revealed that the growth patterns of the faculty in the 19th century were rather diverse. As a result, universities differentiated into large metropolitan, medium-, and small-sized provincial ones. A significant role was played by Privatdozenten, unpaid assistant lecturers, whose number began to grow dramatically in the 1860s. However, in different universities the increase of their number occurred at different rates. Thus, we have decided to consider the mechanics of career mobility of Privatdozenten. An analysis of the dynamics of the faculty of St. Petersburg, Kazan, and Dorpat universities has shown that, as the number of Privatdozenten has increased, the competition has become more intense. In the metropolitan St. Petersburg University its own graduates have possessed statistically significant advantage, while in Dorpat and Kazan universities graduates of different universities had roughly equal chances of promotion. In a whole, despite some progress in understanding of the personnel dynamics, it is not yet possible, at the present stage of research, to give a decisive answer to the question of what actually caused the different growth patterns of the universities of pre-revolutionary Russia. The number of students as well as the amount of funding and university personnel policy in varying degrees has influenced this phenomenon.