Year of Graduation
The Transformation of the Myth of Pygmalion in Bernard Shaw's Play and its Film Adoptions
The myth of Pygmalion, Ovidian plot about the sculptor, who fell in love with the statue he has carved, later brought to life by Venus, is one of the most famous stories in almost all European cultures and a popular topic in English literature. The purpose of this work is to trace how the mythological story has changed in three editions of the play by Bernard Shaw "Pygmalion" and its film adaptations of 1938 and 1964. Examined literary versions of the myth help to identify accents that were important for authors of different ages and their influence on Shaw's play, revealing how the emancipation influenced author's perception of the authentic myth, giving Galatea right to vote and make her the main heroine. On the contrary, the directors' vision of this mythological subject is in some cases different from the author's, what reflects its flexibility and ability to transform it easily and adjust to any current situation.