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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Daulet Zhanaydarov
Evolution of Historical Imagination in Victor Shklovsky's Screenplays in the Late 20s- early 30s
Visual Culture
(Master’s programme)
2016
The present work is devoted to the study of the historical imagination in screenwriting practice by the Soviet critic and scholar Victor Shklovsky. The historical imagination is being interpreted as transformation of the historical material in specific circumstances. The main objective of the study is to analyze the methods of constructing the image of the past in Shklovsky’s scenarios for historical films of 1920-1930s. Shklovsky’s screenplays was usually marginalized in the studies of Russian Formalism and XX century Russian Literature, and the present thesis is intended to fill gap in the study of Victor Shklovsky’s screenwriting. The study also touches upon the problem of representation of the past in cinema and an issue how Russian Formalists’ film theory is related to work in cinema. In addition, the research describes the historical context of filmmaking.

The four films from Shklovsky’s heritage are studied using the archival sources and published materials ("Krylia kholopa" (1926), "Kapitanskaya dochka" (1928), "Myortvyi dom" (1932), "Minin i Pozharsky" (1939)). The work is consisted of two chapters, which describe two stages of Shklovsky’s evolution as a screenwriter: the 1920s (the avant-garde experiments with historical material) and the 1930s (the process of gradual integration into the socialist realism). The hypothesis of the study is that Shklovsky did not have historical concept, and that he created it pragmatically depending on the circumstances. The study also highlights immutable characteristics of work with historical material, common to all scenarios by Victor Shklovsky.

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