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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Alena Tcolova
French Party «Union for a Popular Movement»: Informal Groups and Leaders (2002 – 2015)
Political Science
(Bachelor’s programme)
9
2016
The party "Union for a popular movement" was founded in 2002 by a merger of the two parties - traditionalist and liberal-conservative that was a key factor determining the existence of internal divisions within the party, and, consequently, the formation of internal groups. The French political scientists define external borders of party "Union for a popular movement" as, at the left – liberal conservatism which in France has several subtypes and borders on liberalism within an internal current – the left gaullizm or as it is called, a social gaullizm, on the right party is limited to traditionalist ideology. In this research, the party was revealed four informal groups - the social gaullists, liberal neogaullists, conservative neogollists and traditionalists. The informal group of social gaullists has begun to be formed in 2005, her main feature is the combination of the strong state and protection of social democracy. In 2012 the informal group of neo-gaullists breaks up to two – liberal and conservative neo-gaullists. Similarities to neogaullists groups is a combination of conservative and the liberal ideas. One of the main distinctions between these internal groups is the relation to participation of the state in economy, liberal neo-gaullists oppose participation of the state in the economic sphere, conservative neo-gaullists support partial monitoring the market by the state. The internal group of traditionalists is formed in 2012, the main features are negative attitude to globalization and immigration, support closing of borders, control of the state of market economic system, protection of traditions and values.

The main problem for the "Union for a popular movement" in existence of internal groups is that they can exit from the party and creation their own party therefore leaders use various techniques in the speeches and texts for preservation of unity of party.

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