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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Ekaterina Evdokimova
Institution of Adoption in Russia: Problems of Perception and Participation Motives
Sociology
(Bachelor’s programme)
2016
In recent years the following trends are apparent in the institute of adoption: the reduction of number of orphans and an increase in the number of those who wish to adopt foster child. Also there are some transformation in the system of working with orphans and with foster parents and potential parents. However continues to be a large percentage of people who don’t want to adopt an orphan. So there is the question: people don’t want to adopt a foster child because of their attitudes or not and what motivates are existing among people who adopt children.

The study was conducted 15 semi-formalized interviews with adoptive parents and parents who have only their own children, living in Moscow and the Moscow region, at the age of 35-45 years. Informants were found through social networks: Facebook, VKontakte and Odnoklassiniki using the method of "snowball", the other part of the sample was collected using a selection of informants in "public places".

The following conclusions were obtained: the causes of different opinions concerning the adoption were the awareness of people about the subject of the abandonment as well as the availability of foster families in their social circle. The motives of participation in the institute of adoption were: altruism, self-realization in parenthood, desire to have a normal family. Motives not to take an orphan child were related to difficulties during the process of adoption and the difficulties of adaptation and education of the child. The possible solutions to the problems of adoption institute were: reducing the number of orphans (the creation of the institution of professional foster families) and increasing the number of potential parents associated with the creation of favorable conditions for the adoptive parents, as well as increasing incentives and subsidies.

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