Year of Graduation
The Authoritarian Personality: from the History of the Notion to the Contemporary Methods of Measurement
The history of the concept of “Authoritarian Personality” and its contemporary methods of measurements are the focus of this study. This work consists of two sections. The first one is aimed at constructing a revised classification of time periods of research of this topic: the ‘classical period’ (1929-1950), the ‘new period’ (1950-1981) and ‘the newest period’(since 1981). In the first period key words on the topic of authoritarian personality and ideas represented in them are analyzed. The second period is focused on three topics: 1. Research of authoritarian personality and the F-scale in the new period; 2. Theoretical and methodological problems of the “Authoritarian Personality” project; 3. Short analysis of the reconceptualization of the concept of authoritarian personality. In the third period two approaches to authoritarian personality are analyzed. The scale of right wing authoritarianism (RWA) which is one of the two modern technics of measuring the authoritarian personality, is described. As a conclusion to each period, the main influence on the authoritarian personality studies and the limits and disadvantages of the historical analysis are presented. In the second part construct and concurrent validity, as well reliability of the right wing authoritarianism scale are analyzed on two samples of students (N=199). A secondary goal of this work was to analyze the relationship between items in the scale of RWA and items of the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ). The scale of right wing authoritarianism showed high construct validity and reliability on two samples. However, it is not possible to draw conclusions on concurrent validity of the scale because of inappropriate reliability of “openness to experience” and PVQ scales. No strong connection between any items in the RWA and any items in basic human values scale were found. The limitations of the analysis are discussed at the end of the section.