Year of Graduation
Having Сhildren and Getting Higher Education. Life Patterns of Russian and British Women
Population and Development
The study concerns education-fertility correlation in Russia and Great Britain. The author compares the dynamics of the main education and fertility characteristics in these two countries and then conducts a regression analysis with a Cox proportional hazards modeling to assess the impact of the educational level on the chances of entering into motherhood and the impact of early childbearing on the chances of completing higher education. Regression models are based on the data of the 3rd wave of GGS for Russia and the 2nd wave of BHPS for the UK. The author concludes that in both countries women with a higher level of education demonstrate the lower risk of motherhood and tend to delay the first birth. Young mothers have lower risk of completing higher education. The negative impact of the higher education on the risk of becoming a mother and also of the early motherhood on the risk of higher education completion is higher for the United Kingdom. In the Russian Federation such factors as financial and housing security have greater impact on the chances of becoming a mother than in the UK. These factors also play some role for British women, but it is less important due to higher standards of living and shifting focus to life quality and health status.