Year of Graduation
Constructing the Image of an Engineer during the Period of the Thaw and an Engeneer's Role in Building of the Icebreaker “Lenin”
The research proposal is devoted to the study of the image and role of the Soviet engineer during the period of the Thaw. The aim of the work was to determine the place of an engineer in the Soviet system in 1956 - 1964. During this period, the profession of engineer was popular. Engineers accounted for 32% of all graduates. Almost all spheres of the national economy were employed. The number of graduates of scientific and technical educational institutions increased every year. There were a massivization of higher technical education in the Soviet Union. The study looks at the image of a Soviet engineer, designed in newspapers, magazines, movies, and fiction. This image is compared with the practices of engineers in production. The work analyzes the memories of people who worked during the Thaw period. As an example, the work of engineers on the construction of the icebreaker "Lenin" is considered. On the one hand, this project was needed to develop the Arctic. On the other hand, it was important to begin the operation of the nuclear powered vessel first, in order to demonstrate the power of Soviet science and technology. The project involved a large number of specialists, including engineers from all over the country. The construction of the nuclear-powered icebreaker was the impetus for the creative activity of engineers. During the construction of the icebreaker Lenin, engineers and technicians could prove themselves or demonstrate their lack of competence.