Year of Graduation
Religious and Scientific Motifs in Miyazawa Kenji’s Works
The topic of this paper is the correlation between religious and scientific motives in the works of outstanding Japanese writer Miyazawa Kenji (1896-1933). Kenji had a unique worldview, that is why his works combine brilliant images and fantastic stories. Our research aims to determine how the images that reflect Kenji’s religious and scientific views correlate between each other. In order to achieve this goal, we have identified factors from the writer's biography that shaped his views and conducted the analysis of key images and details from the religious and scientific point of view. During the research, the main attention has been paid to the fairy-tale “Night on the Galactic Railway” as it gives a complete picture of the writer's views. The results demonstrate that Kenji did not oppose science and religion, but believed that scientific knowledge and faith can complement each other; thus, it helps to overcome the dichotomy of rational and spiritual. Nevertheless, Miyazawa Kenji made a greater emphasis on the ideas of Nichiren Buddhism in his works, but at the same time science organically fit into this Buddhist picture of the world, as a lot of symbols in his works can be interpreted ambivalently.