Year of Graduation
Concept of a Terrorist in Contemporary Political Theory (through the Prism of Karl Schmitt's Theory of a Partisan)
Due to the real differences between the situation of the partisan and the situation of the modern terrorist, C. Schmitt’s theory of the partisan needs revision in order to understand the terrorist situation in aspects of the legitimacy of the struggle, the role of the "interested third" and the type of hostility that the modern terrorist is involved in. The modern terrorist, carrying out violence that in the extreme strives to become "pure" or "divine" violence, establishes such relations with the legal order that can be defined as a permanent non-localized state of emergency that is fixed in the relationship between the terrorist figure (“homo sacer”) and the figure of the sovereign - the modern police. The state of emergency in the situation of a modern terrorist is determined through the uncertainty space in which the modern terrorist and the police operate. In such conditions, the real manifestation of the political today are moments of breakthrough and spread of uncertainty in which the terrorist operates in the political and legal order of the West in general, through the commission of the latter act of "pure violence". The Political today is contained in the political autonomy of the terrorist figure, whose the main weapon, both real and absolute, is his own death, which does not allow the political and legal order of the West definitively to eradicate such a manifestation of the Political.