Year of Graduation
Comparative Study of Smart Learning Environments in Different Cultural Groups
The research discusses the key characteristics of smart education and the main challenges to be overcome when designing smart learning environments to support cultural personalization. The research is referred to the study of cultural characteristics by Geert Hofstede. His findings served as a basis for the formulation of a teaching paradigm in accordance with cultural identity. Data on cultural dimensions of different countries, compiled by the sociologist, form the base of empirical data to be used. There were used theoretical methods, such as scientific literature study, and applied methods (analysis, interviews, modelling) during the research. In order to integrate smart learning environments into the learning ecosystem and educational contexts, innovative uses and new pedagogical approaches need to be implemented to orchestrate formal and informal learning and be relevant according to cultural characteristics. The main purpose of the research is to describe the specifics of smart learning environment realization in accordance with cultural differences. The study provides a comparative analysis of smart learning environment implementation projects in several countries and generates contextual factors of effective ICT implementation for smart learning environments in conformity with cultural identity. Based on the obtained data there was constructed a model of the linkage between cultural-cognitive personality profile and features of the relevant smart learning environment. Cultural dimensions of Russian Federation were also considered, and the teaching paradigm was determined to be able to form a set of recommendations for successful smart learning environment implementation. The results may be useful to optimize educational content for audiences belonging to different cultural groups as well as to develop the principles of smart learning environments implementation.