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Distinctive Features of Porcelain Collecting in Russia in the First Half of the 18th Century

Student: Olga Moksheva

Supervisor: Anna Guseva

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Educational Programme: History of Artistic Culture and the Art Market (Master)

Final Grade: 9

Year of Graduation: 2017

The Russian art market started to form in the first half of the 18th century. The decisive role in this process was played by the collecting of Oriental porcelain. At the present time, there are a lot of Oriental porcelains which are not described and not attributed are kept in the Russian collections. Moreover, almost completely missing information about their purchase, exposure, and use. If early investigations answer the question "what" was collected in the first half of the 18th century, then the present work a studies the questions "why" and "how" the Oriental porcelain was collected in the specified period. The investigation of the features of porcelain collecting in this period is carried out on the basis of the introduction of a large number of archival sources not previously examined in historiography, revealing new collectors' names, quantitative data of the first collections, moreover, the ways of entering porcelain in the collection are analyzed and compared. The process of collecting porcelain is considered in the context of the development of the phenomenon of chinoiserie, in which collecting is understood as a political and social act. The work also examines the models of the development of the European and Russian phenomenon of chinoiseries, the differences in the style of the chinoiserie from the phenomenon of the chinoiserie are studied.

Full text (added May 29, 2017)

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