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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Anastasia Vyunova
Part-of-Speech System Aspects in the Kuban Dialect of the Kabardian Language
Fundamental and Applied Linguistics
(Bachelor’s programme)
10
2017
This paper is devoted to the problem of identifying basic lexical classes (alleged nouns, verbs and adjectives) in the Kuban dialect of the Kabardian (East Circassian) language. It presents an attempt to reveal and analyse the morphological and syntactic properties of its main parts of the speech, namely nouns (nominals) and verbs. Some subclasses that demonstrate interesting properties in the perspective of noun-verb distinction are also considered.

The paper looks into the language evidence illustrating the difficulty of the noun-verb distinction in the Kuban Kabardian. Among such difficulties is the ability of nouns to take on most of the morphology traditionally associated with verbs (and vice versa), as well as the accessibility of the basic syntactic positions for each lexical class under inspection. Examined data allows us to draw some theoretical conclusions.

First, the distribution of morphology largely depends on the syntactic positions. As a result, for the Kuban Kabardian, the notions of nominal and verbal morphology are likely to be irrelevant; rather, one should speak of the morphology of the predicate and one of the argument (noun phrase).

Second, despite its extreme marginality, one can postulate noun-verb distinction for the Kuban Kabardian. However, only nominals have their own formal characteristics, the so-called canonical nominal properties, which represent the criteria for distinguishing nominals and non-nomainals. As per these tests, the class of nominals includes traditionally postulated classes of adjectives and denominal postpositions. As for verbs, they do not demonstrate any distinctive morphological or syntactic properties of their own and, therefore, can be established only by the absence of the canonical nominal properties.

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