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Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Екатерина Заплющенко
Transnistria Unrecognized State: History of the Conflict (The International Legal Aspect)
(Bachelor’s programme)
E. A. Zaplyuschenko

Transnistria unrecognized state: History of the conflict (The international legal aspect)

This graduate paper is aimed at examining an attempt to identify the international legal basis for obtaining international recognition by the Transnistria, the perspective for the Transnistria to realize their right to self-determination.

The main objectives of the paper are: a) to identify the reasons why Transnistria can not achieve international recognition; b) consideration of the institution of recognition of states; c) analysis of historical prerequisites for the emergence of Transnistria; d) analysis of Transnistria's prospects in an attempt to gain international recognition.

Based on this research the following conclusions were made: firstly, it was possible to determine that the recognition institution adheres to the declarative theory of recognition; secondly, it became clear that recognition is a unilateral voluntary act of one state in relation to another; thirdly, it has been possible to identify the international legal basis for international legal recognition, but the problem is that they do not have legal force; fourthly, it became clear that from the very beginning of the formation of the Transnistria, its political activities were aimed at cooperation with Russia; fifthly, the "Transnistrian conflict" between the Republic of Moldova and Transnistria did not allow the right of the people of Transnistria to self-determination to its fullest extent. Russian Federation, as one of the guarantors of Transnistria, is ready to recognize its independence, but only if Moldova loses its sovereignty or neutrality.

Academic Supervisor:

Darya Boklan, Doctor of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor at the Department of Public and Private International Law, Faculty of Law, National Research University “The Higher School of Economics”

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