Year of Graduation
The legitimacy of the Counter-Terrorist Operation in the "Republic of Ichkeria" in the 90-ies of XX century. The Validity of the Use of Force and Purpose of the Parties to the Conflict
In this graduation qualification work, the problem of the legitimacy of the "counter-terrorist operation" in the Republic of Ichkeria is investigated - this official name was the second Russian-Chechen war. It is shown that the legal term "counterterrorist operation" as applied to military operations in the republic is not entirely consistent with reality. This is due both to the specifics of Chechen terrorism (which was of a separatist nature and included banditry, attacks on Russian military targets without political objectives, slave trade, hostage-taking for ransom), and Russian legislation. When the Russian-Chechen war was illegal, it could not be legitimate, but because of the manipulation of the mass consciousness of Russian citizens, it recognized it as such. Based on the sociological survey conducted, it was found that many Chechens still perceived the war fairly categorically and wanted the independence of Chechnya from the federal center to be achieved. At the same time, the overwhelming majority of Chechens (84% of respondents) believe that the conflict could be resolved peacefully. As for the Russian citizens, they believe that there was a need for guidance in the republic, but it was possible to do without hostilities.