Year of Graduation
Types and Factors of Everyday Food Consumption of Russian People
This research is about how eating as an everyday activity is structured in modern societies. Food consumption is a process, which contains in addition to the physiological needs, cultural, social and personal meanings that affect the emotional and cultural aspects of human life. By consuming certain foods, people ascribe themselves to a particular class and express their own identity separating themselves from others. In Russia, researchers examine only the traditional model that assumes "cooking at home in accordance with established practices". However, traditional eating habits have changed significantly from what it was before. Contemporary eating habits as social practices are influenced by the wider societal transformation processes that are the core of a long-standing discussion within sociology. In this study I make an effort to find out the changes in everyday food practices and factors influencing these practices. The paper provides an overview of theoretical approaches of food consumer in sociology based on the data of “The Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey” (RLMS) 2011 to reveal everyday food practices and to examine the factors that influence these practices of Russian people aged 17 years or more in all regions.